The Illusion of Democratic Credibility

@article{Downes2012TheIO,
  title={The Illusion of Democratic Credibility},
  author={Alexander B. Downes and Todd S. Sechser},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2012},
  volume={66},
  pages={457 - 489}
}
Abstract Do democracies make more effective coercive threats? An influential literature in international relations argues that democratic institutions allow leaders to credibly signal their resolve in crises, thereby making their threats more likely to work than threats by nondemocracies. This article revisits the quantitative evidence for this proposition, which we call the “democratic credibility hypothesis,” and finds that it is surprisingly weak. Close examination of the data sets most… 
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