The IBM expressive text-to-speech synthesis system for American English

  title={The IBM expressive text-to-speech synthesis system for American English},
  author={John F. Pitrelli and Raimo Bakis and Ellen Eide and Raul Fernandez and Wael Hamza and Michael Picheny},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing},
Expressive text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis should contribute to the pleasantness, intelligibility, and speed of speech-based human-machine interactions which use TTS. We describe a TTS engine which can be directed, via text markup, to use a variety of expressive styles, here, questioning, contrastive emphasis, and conveying good and bad news. Differences in these styles lead us to investigate two approaches for expressive TTS, a "corpus-driven" and a "prosodic-phonology" approach. Each speaker… CONTINUE READING
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