The Hypnotic Induction Profile and Absorption

  title={The Hypnotic Induction Profile and Absorption},
  author={Edward J. Frischholz and David Spiegel and Mark J Trentalange and Herbert Spiegel},
  journal={American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis},
  pages={122 - 128}
This study examined the relationship between scores on the Hypnotic Induction Profile (HIP) and the trait of absorption in three different clinical groups: Smokers (n = 226), Phobics (n = 95), and patients with Chronic Pain (n = 65). Two hypotheses were investigated. The first predicted that both the Eye-Roll sign (ERS) and Induction Score (IND) of the HIP would correlate similarly (r = .30) with scores on the Tellegen Absorption Scale (TAS), as has been previously reported with other measures… 

Construct Validity of the Dissociative Experiences Scale: II. Its Relationship to Hypnotizability

Undergraduates who volunteered to participate in an experiment on “Hypnotizability and Personality” filled out several personality questionnaires, were administered the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility (HGSHS), and completed a self-rating of hypnotizability.

Association of Thought Impact Scale Scores with Hypnosis Treatment Responses and Hypnotherapy-Seeking: A Confirmation Study

TIS scores were positively correlated with greater imagery vividness, sense of automaticity, and altered body perception during hypnosis, and their associations with several hypnotic phenomena were evaluated.

Development and Validation of the Thought Impact Scale: A Measure of Subconscious Connectedness

  • O. Palsson
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2020
The Thought Impact Scale is a reliable and valid measure that is likely to be useful in clinical hypnosis practice and hypnosis research and for quantifying communication between conscious and nonconscious mental functions.

Testing Hypnotizability by Phone: Development and Validation of the Remote Hypnotic Induction Profile (rHIP)

The rHIP is a hypnotizability test derived from the Hypnotic Induction Profile that is completed by telephone that has few complications and possible advantages of using, including improving patient expectancy prior to scheduling a hypnosis session, increasing access to hypnotIZability testing for remote interventions, and obviating resource-intensive in-person hypnotizable screening for trials that exclude subjects with certain scores.

Hypnosis Measuring: The Pilot Study of Machine Learning Approach for Instrumental Control of the Trance Dynamics in Patients with Anxiety and Depressive Disorders

The Brain-Computer interface approach was proposed and tested on the 27 video-EEG recordings of 8 outpatients with anxiety and depressive disorders and obtained integrative individualized continuously changing parameter reflecting the hypnosis level graphically online, providing the trance dynamics control.


This issue is a tribute to the professional work of Ed Frischholz and contains 11 reprinted articles authored or co-authored by Ed that collectively represent empirical research, clinical approaches, and issues pertaining to hypnosis, hypnotizability, methodology, statistics, suggestibility, placebo, absorption, amnesia, pain, forensics, measurement tools, personality, treatment, and even billing.

The Illness/Non-Illness Model: Hypnotherapy for Physically Ill Patients

  • S. Navon
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2014
The model suggests a new clinical mode of treatment in which individuals who are physically ill and/or disabled are helped in coping with actual motifs and thoughts related to non-illness or non-disability.

Posthypnotic Amnesia in Hypnotizability Assessment: Validation of a New Scoring System for the Hypnotic Induction Profile

Using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), a new 12-point scoring system that includes the posthypnotic amnesia item in independent samples of individuals with fibromyalgia and healthy adults is compared and results indicate that the 12- point scoring system is a good fit for the 1-factor model of hypnotizability.


The increasing incidence of obesity around the world has become a major problem with health and economic implications for most countries, and one which currently available methods of weight



The relation between the Hypnotic Induction Profile and the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scales, forms A and C.

Positive but nonsignificant correlations were found between the Eye-Roll sign alone and SHSS in the 2 samples, and the Induction (IND) and Profile scoring methods of HIP were compared with SHSS.

The Hypnotic Induction Profile: normative observations, reliability and validity.

Standardization data for the Hypnotic Induction Profile (HIP), a five to ten minute test of clinical hypnotizability, is presented and new, more explicit instructions for calculating the HIP induction score and profile configuration are included.

Hypnotizability in relation to the ability to learn thermal biofeedback.

None of the scores on either hypnotizability measure correlated significantly with any changes in temperature during any period of any thermal biofeedback session, and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

Hypnotizability and psychopathology.

All of the diagnosed patients (those with thought disorder, affective disorder, generalized anxiety, and miscellaneous disorders) were significantly less hypnotizable than the nonpatient comparison group; this effect was unrelated to age or medication differences.

Personality correlates of hypnotic susceptibility: needs for achievement and autonomy, self-monitoring, and masculinity-femininity.

Measured hypnotic susceptibility correlated significantly with scores on Tellegen's Absorption Scale, but not with the Achievement and Autonomy Scales of the PRF, or with Snyder's Self-monitoring Scale.

Expectancy versus absorption in the prediction of hypnotic responding.

Results of path analysis supported the hypothesis that trance inductions alter expectancies for responding to hypnotic suggestions and that these altered expectancies determine subsequent hypnotic behavior.

An eye-roll test for hypnotizability.

  • H. Spiegel
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 1972
This offers a quick, subtle, clinical way to ascertain whether or not hypnosis can have a probable role as an adjunct in the various psychotherapeutic strategies.

Hilgard's illusion.

It is within this context that Hilgard's critique of the hypothesis that the eye-roll sign (ER) is lawfully related to measured hypnotic responsivity is examined on both theoretical and statistical grounds.

Practicing the two disciplines for relaxation and enlightenment: comment on "Role of the feedback signal in electromyograph biofeedback: the relevance of attention" by Qualls and Sheehan.

  • A. Tellegen
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. General
  • 1981
Using absorption, the trait studied by Qualls and Sheehan, as an example, it is shown how an empirically corroborated interactive trait concept can be used as a source of ideas for further Trait X Treatment studies and even for pure experimentation.

Personality and hypnosis : a study of imaginative involvement

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