The Hyper-Criminalization of Black and Latino Male Youth in the Era of Mass Incarceration

  title={The Hyper-Criminalization of Black and Latino Male Youth in the Era of Mass Incarceration},
  author={Victor M. Rios},
  pages={40 - 54}
This article discusses how Black and Latino youth labeled “deviant” are impacted by criminalization after coming in contact with the juvenile justice system. The findings are based on ethnographic interviews I conducted in the San Francisco Bay Area from 2002–2005. From this data I argue that Black and Latino youth are further stigmatized and “hyper-criminalized” upon entering the juvenile justice system even when the majority are arrested for non-violent offenses. Non-violent juvenile… 

The Mass Incarceration of Undocumented Latinos/as in the Prison-Immigration Industrial Complex

  • R. Velasquez
  • Law
    Immigration and the Current Social, Political, and Economic Climate
  • 2019
In this chapter, the authors discuss the current mass incarceration of Latinos/as in the United States. While Latinos/as have always been overrepresented in the criminal justice system, especially in

Standin’ tall: criminalization and acts of resistance among elementary school boys of color

ABSTRACT Unjust racial disparities persist in the United States criminal justice system fueled by a school to prison pipeline which, through criminalizing processes, disproportionately and unjustly

Inside/Outside: A Model for Social Support and Rehabilitation of Young Black Men

This paper first identifies some of the most important problems facing incarcerated young black males. Next, we present an historical analysis that pinpoints the War on Drugs as the primary origin of

Mass Incarceration, the School-to-Prison Pipeline, and the Struggle Over “Secure Communities” in Illinois

This paper describes educational policies and disciplinary practices that constitute a school-toprison pipeline, specifically in Illinois and Chicago Public Schools. During the 1980s, the socalled

The criminogenic and psychological effects of police stops on adolescent black and Latino boys

It is found that adolescent boys who are stopped by police report more frequent engagement in delinquent behavior 6, 12, and 18 months later, independent of prior delinquency, a finding that is consistent with labeling and life course theories.

Sacrificed on the Altar of Public Safety: The Policing of Latino and African American Youth

Past research has grounded young people’s experiences with the police in their neighborhoods and schools, yet lacking from the literature is how the interconnection between these two domains

Reframing the School-to-Prison Pipeline: The Experiences of Latina/o Youth and Families.

In this paper, I argue that school-to-prison pipeline (SPP) research on Latin@s shows the existence of an interconnected system of policies and social practices, in and out of schools, punitive and

Black Misandry and the Killing of Black Boys and Men

ABSTRACT The ways in which Black boys and men are framed and projected within U.S. society reveal clear messages of Black misandry, Negrophobia, and scripting of Black male bodies. From “tar baby” to

Dissolving Borders: Reframing Risk, Delinquent Peers, and Youth Violence.

Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys

Preface Acknowledgments Part I Hypercriminalization 1 Dreams Deferred: The Patterns of Punishment in Oakland 2 The Flatlands of Oakland and the Youth Control Complex 3 The Labeling Hype: Coming of



The Color of Justice: An Analysis of Juvenile Adult Court Transfers in California.

This study used data collected from Los Angeles County, California, authorities and the U.S. Census to test the hypothesis that minority youth are disproportionately transferred to adult court and

Are Prisons Obsolete

who are involved in feminist projects should not consider the structure of state punishment as marginal to their work. Forwardlooking research and organizing strategies should recognize that the

Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City

Inner-city black America is often defined by random, senseless street violence. In fact, although violence is a salient feature, its use is far from random; it is regulated through an informal but

Bad Boys: Public Schools in the Making of Black Masculinity

Statistics show that black males are disproportionately getting in trouble and being suspended from the nation's school systems. Based on three years of participant observation research at an

Conflict and criminality.

It is concluded that further elaboration of propositions requires additional exploratory and descriptive research, and that rigorous formalization would be premature until the various hypothesized relationships have been more thoroughly examined in empirical research.

Invisible punishment : the collateral consequences of mass imprisonment

We struggled, myself and a brother, two sisters, my mother there, to keep the farm in the family and keep it going. And we barely made a living. So that’s what made me appreciate the job so much,

Help Wanted: Economists, Crime and Public Policy

Beginning with Gary W. Becker's (1968) article on crime and punishment, economists have contributed important theoretical insights and empirical findings to the study of criminal behavior but the

Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies

  • H. Garfinkel
  • Political Science
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1956
Communicative work directed to transforming an individual's total identity lower in the group's scheme of social types is called a "status degradation ceremony." To reconstitute the other as a social

The Department of Justice

Surveys the history of the Department of Justice and describes its structure, current function, and influence on United States society.

Learning to Labor: How Working-Class Kids Get Working-Class Jobs

Contents: Key to transcripts Introduction. Part I Ethnography: Elements of a culture Class and institutional form of a culture Labour power, culture, class and institution. Part II Analysis: