The Hyper-Criminalization of Black and Latino Male Youth in the Era of Mass Incarceration

@article{Rios2006TheHO,
  title={The Hyper-Criminalization of Black and Latino Male Youth in the Era of Mass Incarceration},
  author={Victor M. Rios},
  journal={Souls},
  year={2006},
  volume={8},
  pages={40 - 54}
}
This article discusses how Black and Latino youth labeled “deviant” are impacted by criminalization after coming in contact with the juvenile justice system. The findings are based on ethnographic interviews I conducted in the San Francisco Bay Area from 2002–2005. From this data I argue that Black and Latino youth are further stigmatized and “hyper-criminalized” upon entering the juvenile justice system even when the majority are arrested for non-violent offenses. Non-violent juvenile… 
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