The Historical Biogeography of Fagaceae: Tracking the Tertiary History of Temperate and Subtropical Forests of the Northern Hemisphere

@article{Manos2001TheHB,
  title={The Historical Biogeography of Fagaceae: Tracking the Tertiary History of Temperate and Subtropical Forests of the Northern Hemisphere},
  author={Paul S Manos and Alice M. Stanford},
  journal={International Journal of Plant Sciences},
  year={2001},
  volume={162},
  pages={S77 - S93}
}
The angiosperm family Fagaceae is a central element of several distinct community types throughout the Northern Hemisphere and a prime candidate for modern biogeographic analysis. The rich fossil record for the family provides an unparalleled source to compare with modern distributions and evaluate hypotheses of origin, migration, and vicariance. We conducted separate phylogenetic analyses on genera with intercontinentally disjunct distributions using various noncoding regions of chloroplast… 
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TLDR
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Combined analysis provided some evidence for a relationship of Quercus to Lithocarpus and Chrysolepis, taxa with dichasially arranged pistillate flowers, where each flower is surrounded by cupular tissue, which indicates that a more broadly defined flower cupule may have a single origin.
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