The HIV epidemic in China: history, response, and challenge

  title={The HIV epidemic in China: history, response, and challenge},
  author={Na He and Roger Detels},
  journal={Cell Research},
ABSTRACTThe first case of AIDS was reported in 1985 in China, but by the early 21st century, the government estimated that there were 840,000 citizens living with HIV/AIDS. The number is increasing rapidly. The major risk groups are injection drug users (IDUSs; 43%) and former plasma donors (27%), but rates among heterosexual groups are rising rapidly. Sentinel surveillance was initiated in 1986, and now includes IDUs, men-who-have-sex-with-men, sexually transmitted disease clinic attendees… 

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The number of newly-diagnosed cases and the number HIV-related deaths have increased each year since 2004, coinciding with a massive scale-up of both HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy initiation.

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The HIV epidemic in East Asia started relatively late compared to the rest of the world, with China being the major contributor to the epidemic, and the emerging epidemic through sex between men is a growing concern.

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  • 2014
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  • M. Wan
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STD care and prevention programmes for sex workers outside detention are urgently needed, and appear to be feasible in China, given the high prevalence of STD.

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The prevalence of HIV infection is high among the population of MSM and the high rates of HIV - related risk behaviors suggest a considerable risk for HIV transmission in this population.

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  • H. LiuJ. Xie R. Detels
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    Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association
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