The HIV Epidemic: High-Income Countries.

  title={The HIV Epidemic: High-Income Countries.},
  author={Sten H Vermund and Andrew J. Leigh-Brown},
  journal={Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine},
  volume={2 5},
The HIV epidemic in higher-income nations is driven by receptive anal intercourse, injection drug use through needle/syringe sharing, and, less efficiently, vaginal intercourse. Alcohol and noninjecting drug use increase sexual HIV vulnerability. Appropriate diagnostic screening has nearly eliminated blood/blood product-related transmissions and, with antiretroviral therapy, has reduced mother-to-child transmission radically. Affected subgroups have changed over time (e.g., increasing numbers… CONTINUE READING
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