The Group Size-Cohesion Relationship in Minimal Groups

  title={The Group Size-Cohesion Relationship in Minimal Groups},
  author={Albert V. Carr{\'o}n and Kevin S Spink},
  journal={Small Group Research},
  pages={105 - 86}
Four studies were undertaken to investigate the relationship between cohesion and group size in exercise groups. Study 1 compared the perceptions of cohesiveness of members of small and large exercise classes assessed in the eighth week of group development in a 13-week session. Study 2 compared the perceptions of cohesiveness of members of small and large exercise classes assessed in the third week of group development in a 13-week session. Study 3 used a longitudinal design to assess the… 
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It was found that cohesion and social support variables both contributed to the successful prediction of attendance in females required to exercise for health-related reasons.
Team cohesion and team success in sport
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The Group Environment Questionnaire
The Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ) is a measure of group cohesion that has a long history of use in sports psychology and group research. However, researchers often fail to account for the
The relationship between social exchange variables, OCB, and performance
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Support is provided for a brief measure of groupness, theory related to how individuals perceive exercise groups is advanced, and evidence regarding how broader experiences during exercise may relate to exercisers’ perceptions ofgroupness is provided.
Team Building in an Exercise Class for the Elderly
Results indicated that class attendance in an ongoing exercise class for the elderly increased by 22.2% during the TB intervention, and positive trends were evident in perceptions of cohesion.


The Impact of Group Size in an Exercise Setting.
Trend analyses showed a curvilinear relationship between exercise class size and participants' perceptions of the opportunities available for social interaction and feelings of crowding and density.
The Effects of Group Size in Sport
Although group size has been one of the most frequently examined small-group variables, it has rarely been studied in sport. In Study 1 the effects of number of team members on cohesion and
Group Cohesion Effects in Exercise Classes
Membership in cohesive groups has a powerful influence on individual behaviors such as adherence and conformity. Although the psychological andphysiological benefits of exercise have been well
Group Cohesion and Individual Adherence to Physical Activity
The general purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship of group cohesion to individual adherence to physical activity. Two independent studies were conducted using present and
The Effects of Team Building on the Adherence Patterns of Female Exercise Participants
This study examined whether a team-building intervention program would positively influence participant adherence in an exercise setting. Thirteen fitness classes were randomly assigned to a
Group Cohesion and Adherence in Exercise Classes
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship of group cohesion to adherence in women participating in exercise classes. Two measures of adherence were examined: absenteeism and
Effects of group size.
This paper reviews 31 empirical studies of small groups in which the major independent variable, group size, was related to several classes of dependent variables: group performance, distribution of
Group cohesion and starting status in successful and less successful elite volleyball teams.
  • K. Spink
  • Psychology
    Journal of sports sciences
  • 1992
Initial support is provided for the suggestion that the most successful teams are the ones where the perceptions of cohesiveness by starters and non-starters are similar, as well as the teams whose members have the most positive outcome expectancy.
Assessing the Cohesion of Teams: Validity of the Group Environment Questionnaire
The process of validating a recently developed instrument to assess perceived team cohesion is discussed. The Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ), an instrument designed to measure cohesion in
The Development of an Instrument to Assess Cohesion in Sport Teams: The Group Environment Questionnaire
The purpose of this paper was fourfold. The first purpose was to demonstrate the need to develop an instrument to assess group cohesion while the second was to outline a conceptual model of group