The Great Wall of China Does Not Exist

@inproceedings{Ringmar2017TheGW,
  title={The Great Wall of China Does Not Exist},
  author={Erik Ringmar},
  year={2017}
}
There are many walls in China but there is no “Great Wall” understood as a unified structure built for a given purpose. The Great Wall is a social rather than a physical construction erected not in China itself but in the minds of Europeans. The Great Wall existed because the Europeans decided that it had to exist, and before long they had found similar walls everywhere throughout the country. In early modern Europe, when mercantilism was the reigning doctrine, the Great Wall was admired; in… Expand
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