The Great Tambora Eruption in 1815 and Its Aftermath

@article{Stothers1984TheGT,
  title={The Great Tambora Eruption in 1815 and Its Aftermath},
  author={R. Stothers},
  journal={Science},
  year={1984},
  volume={224},
  pages={1191 - 1198}
}
Quantitative analytical methods are used to reconstruct the course of events during and after the cataclysmic eruption of Mount Tambora, Indonesia, on 10 and 11 April 1815. This was the world's greatest ash eruption (so far as is definitely known) since the end of the last Ice Age. This synthesis is based on data and methods from the fields of volcanology, oceanography, glaciology, meteorology, climatology, astronomy, and history. 

Topics from this paper

The great 1815 eruption of Tambora and future risks from large-scale volcanism
The year 2015 marks the bicentenary of the largest eruption in recent historic times: the 10–11 April 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora, Indonesia. Two hundred years after the eruption, an incomplete orExpand
Density of fallen ash after the eruption of Tambora in 1815 [rapid communication]
Abstract A reassessment of the ash density associated with the eruption of the volcano Tambora, Indonesia, in 1815 is presented by examining contemporary reports. This eruption produced the largestExpand
The impact of two volcano eruptions on the Croatian lands at the beginning of the 19th century
This paper aims to show that volcanic activity was the prime factor that initiated a sequence of natural disasters in Croatia during the early 19th century. The Napoleonic wars were still roaringExpand
Comments on “the petrology of Tambora volcano, Indonesia: a model for the 1815 eruption” by J. Foden
Foden (1986) presents an account of the petrology of Tambora volcano, with emphasis on the great explosive eruption of 1815. A comprehensive volcanological and petrologic study of Tambora isExpand
The petrology of Tambora volcano, Indonesia: A model for the 1815 eruption
Abstract Tambora is an active volcano in the east Sunda Arc and is well known for its catastrophic eruption in April 1815. Its lavas are of unusual, moderately undersaturated, K2O-rich types, rangingExpand
Volcanism: Eruptions and Extinctions
Fossils from southern China provide evidence for a mass extinction during middle Permian time, 260 million years ago. The close association of this event with an outpouring of lava, initially intoExpand
Tying down eruption risk
200 years after the eruption of Mount Tambora, the eruption volume remains poorly known, as is true for other volcanic eruptions over past millennia. We need better records of size and occurrence ifExpand
Consequences of powerful volcanic eruptions according to dendrochronological data
For the first time we identify the peculiarities of the effect of the most powerful (VEI > 5) volcanic eruptions on the regional climate of the Murmansk region on the basis of Kola PeninsulaExpand
Evidence for a Late Cainozoic Flood/post-Flood Boundary
The Flood/post-Flood boundary in the geologic column can be determined by investigating geophysical evidence in light of Scripture’s record of the Flood. The following evidences are investigated: (1)Expand
Distant effects of the Tambora eruption of April 1815
Large explosive volcanic eruptions can have far-reaching effects on the atmosphere. The eruption of Tambora volcano on Sumbawa Island in Indonesia in April 1815 was the largest ash eruption in recentExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
The 1883 eruption of Krakatau
The 1883 eruption of Krakatau was a modest ignimbrite-forming event. The deposits are primarily coarse-grained dacitic, non-welded ignimbrite. Large explosions produced pyroclastic flows that enteredExpand
Greenland ice sheet evidence of post-glacial volcanism and its climatic impact
Acidity profiles along well dated Greenland ice cores reveal large volcanic eruptions in the Northern Hemisphere during the past 10,000 yr. Comparison with a temperature index shows that clusteredExpand
Historic eruptions of Tambora (1815), Krakatau (1883), and Agung (1963), their stratospheric aerosols, and climatic impact
Abstract Decreases in surface temperatures after the eruptions of Tambora (1815), Krakatau (1883), and Agung (1963) were of similar magnitude, even though the amount of material (dust and volatiles)Expand
The possible effects of large 19th and 20th century volcanic eruptions on zonal and hemispheric surface temperatures
Abstract The contribution of volcanic material to the stratosphere from major eruptions within the last two centuries has been estimated using volcanological criteria, including eruption type,Expand
The petrology and tectonic setting of Quaternary—Recent volcanic centres of Lombok and Sumbawa, Sunda arc
In the Sunda arc, only the Bali—Lombok—Sumbawa sector is apparently flanked both north and south by oceanic crust. South of Lombok Island the oceanic crust is probably of Early Cretaceous or LateExpand
Size distributions and mineralogy of ash particles in the stratosphere from eruptions of mount st. Helens.
TLDR
Samples from the stratosphere obtained by U-2 aircraft after the first three major eruptions of Mount St. Helens contained large globules of liquid acid and ash, which disappeared from the lower stratosphere by late June 1980. Expand
Global spread of volcanic dust from the Bali eruption of 1963
The global spread of volcanic dust from the Mt. Agung eruption of 17 March 1963 is assessed on the basis of the decrement of direct solar radiation. The initial injection at 8°S lodged an equatorialExpand
Volcanic dust in the atmosphere; with a chronology and assessment of its meteorological significance
  • H. Lamb
  • Geology
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1970
After defining the terms commonly used in reporting volcanic eruptions and noting previous approaches to assessment of their magnitudes, this study proceeds to examine aspects of importance, orExpand
THE COLD SUMMER OF 1816
THE New England farmer of the early nineteenth century called the year 1816 "Eighteen hundred and froze to death." In this manner he indicated his attitude toward the extraordinary weather of thatExpand
Temporal variability of microparticle properties in polar ice sheets
Abstract Four recent ice core studies reveal a consistently recurring temporal correlation between increased microparticle concentrations and lower global temperatures (more negative 13 O/ 16 OExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...