The Gravity Probe B test of general relativity

  title={The Gravity Probe B test of general relativity},
  author={Cass W. Everitt and B Muhlfelder and Dan B. DeBra and Bradford W. Parkinson and John P. Turneaure and Alexander S. Silbergleit and E B Acworth and Mignon Adams and Ron Adler and W. J. Bencze and John Berberian and Raphael Bernier and Kathleen A Bower and Robert Brumley and Sasha Buchman and Keith Burns and Bertrand Clarke and John W. Conklin and M L Eglington and Geoff Green and G. M. Gutt and Dz-Hung Gwo and George A. Hanuschak and X. He and Marina Heifetz and D N Hipkins and Thomas J. Holmes and Ralph A. Kahn and G. M. Keiser and Jonathan Kozaczuk and T Langenstein and Jianzhong Li and John A. Lipa and Jody M. Lockhart and Meijin Luo and Ilana Mandel and F Marcelja and John C. Mester and A Ndili and Yuhgo Ohshima and James Overduin and Michel Salomon and David Santiago and P. Shestople and Victor G Solomonik and Kenny St{\aa}hl and Matthew T. Taber and Ryan Van Patten and Shiya Wang and Jeffrey R Wade and Patrick Worden and Norbert Bartel and Lambert Herman and D. E. Lebach and M Ratner and Raymond Ransom and Irwin I. Shapiro and Henry Small and Brett Stroozas and R Geveden and J. H. Goebel and John Horack and Jeffrey Kolodziejczak and Albert J Lyons and Julien Olivier and P Peters and Matthew Smith and Walter Till and Lake Wooten and William Reeve and Mariana Anderson and Neil R. Bennett and H Dougherty and P Dulgov and Donya Frank and Logan W. Huff and Ralph V. Katz and Jennifer Kirschenbaum and Georgia Mason and D. Murray and Richard T. Parmley and Marcia Ratner and Gregory Reynolds and P Rittmuller and Peter F. Schweiger and Shyemaa Shehata and K Triebes and J VandenBeukel and Robert J. Vassar and T Al-Saud and A Al-Jadaan and Homoud B. Al-Jibreen and Majid Al-Meshari and B Al-Suwaidan},
The Gravity Probe B mission provided two new quantitative tests of Einstein’s theory of gravity, general relativity (GR), by cryogenic gyroscopes in Earth’s orbit. Data from four gyroscopes gave a geodetic drift-rate of −6601.8±18.3 marc-s yr and a frame-dragging of −37.2±7.2 marcs yr, to be compared with GR predictions of −6606.1 and −39.2 marcs yr (1 marc-s=4.848×10 radians). The present paper introduces the science, engineering, data analysis, and heritage of Gravity Probe B… CONTINUE READING