The Gradient Paradigm : A Conceptual and Analytical Framework for Landscape Ecology

  title={The Gradient Paradigm : A Conceptual and Analytical Framework for Landscape Ecology},
  author={Samuel A. Cushman and Kevin Gutzweiler and Jeffrey Scott Evans and Kevin McGarigal},
Landscape ecology deals fundamentally with how, when, and why patterns of environmental factors influence the distribution of organisms and ecological processes, and reciprocally, how the actions of organisms and ecological processes influence ecological patterns (Urban et al. 1987; Turner 1989). The landscape ecologist’s goal is to determine where and when spatial and temporal heterogeneity matter, and how they influence processes. A fundamental issue in this effort revolves around the choices… CONTINUE READING
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