The Glass Ceiling Effect

  title={The Glass Ceiling Effect},
  author={D. Cotter and David A Joan M Seth Reeve Hermsen and David A Joan M Seth Reeve Ovadia and David A Joan M Seth Reeve Vanneman},
  journal={Social Forces},
  pages={655 - 681}
  • D. Cotter, David A Joan M Seth Reeve Hermsen, +1 author David A Joan M Seth Reeve Vanneman
  • Published 2001
  • Psychology
  • Social Forces
  • The popular notion of glass ceiling effects implies that gender (or other) disadvantages are stronger at the top of the hierarchy than at lower levels and that these disadvantages become worse later in a person's career. We define four specific criteria that must be met to conclude that a glass ceiling exists. Using random effects models and data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine gender and race inequalities at the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles of white male earnings. We… CONTINUE READING
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