The Ghent System and Union Membership in Europe, 1970-1996

@article{Scruggs2002TheGS,
  title={The Ghent System and Union Membership in Europe, 1970-1996},
  author={Lyle Scruggs},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  year={2002},
  volume={55},
  pages={275 - 297}
}
  • L. Scruggs
  • Published 2002
  • Political Science
  • Political Research Quarterly
In recent years, a fundamental basis of union strength, membership desity, has diverged dramatically across Europe. While most countries have witnessed stagnation or decline in unionization rates, a few countries have actually experienced steady gains, and achieved virtually full unioization. This article addresses the impact of one often acknowledged, but underemphasized, explanation for this divergence: differences in the way unemployment insurance is provided. Where unemployment insurance is… Expand

Tables from this paper

Voluntary Unemployment Insurance and Trade Union Membership: Investigating the Connections in Denmark and Sweden
Abstract The high rate of trade union membership in Nordic countries is often attributed to the way in which unemployment insurance is organised: that is, as a voluntary scheme which is administeredExpand
A Half Century of Trade Union Membership. The Cyclical Macro-Determinants of Postwar Union Growth in Belgium
Based on the seminal contribution of Bain and Elsheikh, this article explains the ebb and flow in trade union membership in Belgium from 1948 to 1995. With only four explanatory variables, the modelExpand
Voluntary Unemployment Insurance and Trade Union Membership: Investigating the Connections in Denmark and Sweden
The high rate of trade union membership in Nordic countries is often attributed to the way in which unemployment insurance is organised: that is, as a voluntary scheme which is administered by tradeExpand
Contested Welfare Institutions - The Conservative Attack on the Swedish Ghent System
The Swedish unemployment insurance was for a long time one of the most generous in Europe and, furthermore, marked by exceptionally low employee contributions. At the end of 2013, things looked quiteExpand
Ghent revisited: Unemployment insurance and union membership in Belgium and the Nordic countries
The exceptionally high union density rates in Denmark, Finland and Sweden are attributed to a particular form of voluntary unemployment insurance, known as the Ghent system. Heavily subsidized by theExpand
New trajectories of unionization in the Nordic Ghent countries: Changing labour market and welfare institutions
Unemployment insurance funds (the ‘Ghent system’), subsidized by the state and controlled by the labour movement, have contributed to high trade union densities in the Nordic countries. However,Expand
Joint Responsibility at its Peak : Searching for a New Nordic Unemployment Model
Earlier research has shown that the Nordic Ghent systems seem to be weakened. The unemployment insurances administered by the unions have experienced a decline in numbers of members, very similar toExpand
Working-Class Strength by Institutional Design? Unionization, Partisan Politics, and Unemployment Insurance Systems, 1870 to 2010
Many studies have found that countries with union-administered unemployment insurance have higher rates of unionization than countries with state-administered unemployment insurance. With data goingExpand
Organized Labor in European Countries, 1960–2006: Persistent Diversity and Shared Decline
Purpose – The purpose of this chapter is to show how patterns of union organization vary over time and across countries in the economically advanced world, with a focus on Europe. Expand
The Ghent Effect for Whom? Mapping the Variations of the Ghent Effect Across Different Trade Unions in Denmark
The presence of an unemployment insurance system based on voluntary membership in unemployment insurance funds (known as the ‘Ghent system’) and a high union density has long been known and wellExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
When Institutions Matter - Union growth and Decline in Western Europe
During the early post-war period, Western trade union movements grew in membership and achieved an institutionalized role in industrial relations and politics. However, during the last decades, manyExpand
Trade Union Membership in Europe, 1960–1990: Rediscovering Local Unions
This article compares union density rates in seven Western European countries between 1960 and 1990. In contrast to conventional analyses, the paper argues that, in countries where workplace unionExpand
Trade unions in Western Europe since 1945
Trade unions are one of the major social institutions in modern industrial societies. Today, when they increasingly face pressures from social, economic and political changes, it is appropriate toExpand
Union Growth in Denmark, 1911-39
The years up to 1939 constitute the penetration phase of unions in Denmark. Models of the Ashenfelter-Pencavel or Bain-Elsheikh type are not able to explain the development in the degree ofExpand
Unionization and Labor Market Institutions in Advanced Capitalism, 1950-1985
  • B. Western
  • Economics
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1994
This article examines the depedence of unionization on labor market institutions and long-run trends in inflation, unemployment, and the sectoral composition of the labor force in 18 OECD countries.Expand
The Dynamics of Trade Unionism and National Economic Performance.
I test two theories of the political processes of trade unions. The first argues that wage moderation depends on a centralized labor movement. The second contends that, institutional conditionsExpand
Long-run international trends in aggregate unionization
Abstract The major trends in aggregate unionization in the OECD-countries are analyzed for the whole period for which data are available. The analysis of the big country differences in both the levelExpand
Internationalization and the Social Democratic Model
This article examines the crisis of the social democratic model in the four countries (Austria, Norway, Finland, and Sweden) in which social democracy was most successful in maintaining and evenExpand
Continuity and change in contemporary capitalism
In the early 1980s, many observers, argued that powerful organized economic interests and social democratic parties created successful mixed economies promoting economic growth, full employment, andExpand
Union Organization in Advanced Industrial Democracies
I suggest a new explanation of cross-national differences in unionization rates: the size of the labor force. Size matters because the gains unions are able to achieve in collective bargaining dependExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...