The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe

@article{Mathieson2018TheGH,
  title={The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe},
  author={Iain Mathieson and Song{\"u}l Alpaslan Roodenberg and Cosimo Posth and Anna Sz{\'e}cs{\'e}nyi-Nagy and Nadin Rohland and Swapan Mallick and I{\~n}igo Olalde and Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht and Francesca Candilio and Olivia Cheronet and Daniel M. Fernandes and Matthew Ferry and Beatriz Gamarra and Gloria Gonz{\'a}lez Fortes and Wolfgang Haak and {\'E}adaoin Harney and Eppie R. Jones and Denise Keating and Ben Krause-Kyora and Isil Kucukkalipci and Megan Michel and Alissa Mittnik and Kathrin N{\"a}gele and Mario Novak6 and Jonas Oppenheimer and Nick J. Patterson and Saskia Pfrengle and Kendra Sirak6 and Kristin Stewardson and Stefania Vai and Stefan Alexandrov and Kurt W. Alt1 and Radian Andreescu and Dragana Antonovi{\'c} and Abigail Ash and Nadezhda Atanassova and Krum Bacvarov and Mende Bal{\'a}zs Guszt{\'a}v and Herv{\'e} Bocherens and Michael Bolus and Adina Boroneanţ and Yavor Boyadzhiev and Alicja Budnik and Josip Burmaz and Stefan Chohadzhiev and Nicholas J. Conard and Richard Cottiaux and Maja {\vC}uka and Christophe Cupillard and Doroth{\'e}e G. Drucker and Nedko Elenski and Michael Francken and Borislava Borislavova Galabova and Georgi Ganetsovski and Bernard G{\'e}ly and Tam{\'a}s Hajdu and Veneta Handzhyiska and Katerina Harvati and Thomas F.G. Higham and Stanislav Iliev and Ivor Jankovi{\'c} and Ivor Karavani{\'c} and Douglas J. Kennett and Darko Kom{\vs}o and Alexander Kozak and Damian Labuda and Martina Lari and Cătălin Lazăr and Maleen Leppek and Krassimir Leshtakov and Domenico Lo Vetro and D{\vz}eni Los and Ivaylo Lozanov and Maria Malina and Fabio Martini and K. Mcsweeney and Harald Meller and Marko Menđu{\vs}i{\'c} and Pavel Mirea and Vyacheslav Moiseyev and Vanya Petrova and Trevor D. Price and Angela Simalcsik and Luca S{\`i}neo and Mario {\vS}laus and Vladimir Slavchev and Petar Stanev and Andrej Starovi{\'c} and Tam{\'a}s Szeniczey and Sahra Talamo and Maria Teschler-Nicola and Corinne Thevenet and Ivo Valchev and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}rique Valentin and Sergey Vasilyev and Fanica Veljanovska and Svetlana Venelinova and Elizaveta V. Veselovskaya and Bence Viola and Cristian Virag and Jo{\vs}ko Zaninovi{\'c} and Steve Z{\"a}uner and Philipp W. Stockhammer and Giulio Catalano and Raiko Krauss and David Caramelli and Gunita Zariņa and Bisserka Gaydarska and Malcolm Lillie and Alexey G. Nikitin and I. D. Potekhina and Anastasia Papathanasiou and Du{\vs}an Bori{\'c} and Clive Bonsall and Johannes Krause and Ron Pinhasi and David Reich},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2018},
  volume={555},
  pages={197 - 203}
}
Farming was first introduced to Europe in the mid-seventh millennium bc, and was associated with migrants from Anatolia who settled in the southeast before spreading throughout Europe. Here, to understand the dynamics of this process, we analysed genome-wide ancient DNA data from 225 individuals who lived in southeastern Europe and surrounding regions between 12000 and 500 bc. We document a west–east cline of ancestry in indigenous hunter-gatherers and, in eastern Europe, the early stages in… 
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The results show how ancestry from the Steppe genetically linked Europe and South Asia in the Bronze Age, and identifies the populations that almost certainly were responsible for spreading Indo-European languages across much of Eurasia.
The evolutionary history of human populations in Europe.
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