The Genetic Commons: Resisting the Neo-liberal Enclosure of Life

@article{Scharper2006TheGC,
  title={The Genetic Commons: Resisting the Neo-liberal Enclosure of Life},
  author={Stephen Bede Scharper and Hilary Cunningham},
  journal={Social Analysis},
  year={2006},
  volume={50},
  pages={195-202}
}
The notion of a 'genetic commons' is a broad-based, mnlti-faceted response to a particular constellation of technological, cultural, economic, political, ethical, and legal developments of the past three decades. Prompted principally by advances in biotechnology and the heretofore unprecedented patenting of life forms, the genetic commons movement seeks to critique and resist the commodification and commercialization of 'nature' and to establish a cosmological and political space outside of… 
The politics of genetic technoscience for conservation: The case of blight-resistant American chestnut
Innovations in genetics and genomics have been heavily critiqued as technologies that have widely supported the privatization and commodification of natural resources. However, emerging applications
Cultural heritage in the realm of the commons: Conversations on the Case of Greece
Cultural heritage was invented in the realm of nation-states, and from an early point it was considered a public asset, stewarded to narrate the historic deeds of the ancestors, on behalf of their
Mapping the New Commons
This paper is a guide to the rapidly growing area of research and activity I call 'new commons.' Simply put, new commons (NC) are various types of shared resources that have recently evolved or have
A Call for Transparency in the Food System: Case Studies of State and Federal Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) Labeling Initiatives in the United States
The (non)-regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the food system has been a contentious issue in the state and federal U.S. policy arenas as the public and policymakers debate the
Soberanía alimentaria. La Red de Semillas Libres de Colombia
Este articulo investiga iniciativas de defensa de la soberania alimentaria, el territorio y la agrobiodiversidad en Colombia, a partir de la recuperacion de semillas tradicionales como patrimonio
USO DE LA INFORMACIÓN GENÉTICA HUMANA CON FINES DE INVESTIGACIÓN BIOMÉDICA: EL CASO DE LOS BIOBANCOS POBLACIONALES
Recientemente se han promulgado en Espana varias normas, la Ley 14/2007, de 3 de julio, de Investigacion biomedica, y el Reglamento de desarrollo de la Ley Organica 15/1999, de 13 de diciembre, de
Commoning: on the social organisation of the commons
Despite centuries of enclosure and commodification, the commons remain an enduring way of organising, and one that may have an increasing relevance as we fall further into economic and ecological
Mapping Concepts and Issues in the Ethics of the Commons: Introduction to the Special Issue
We introduce the papers in this special issue by providing an overarching perspective on the variety in kinds of commons and the ethical issues stemming from their diversity. Despite a long history

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
Enclosing the genome: what squabbles over genetic patents could teach us.
  • J. Boyle
  • Economics
    Advances in genetics
  • 2003
The Biotech Century: Harnessing the Gene and Remaking the World
This publication explores the epic marriage between computer technology and genetic engineering, and the historic transition into the Age of Biotechnology. Already, our economy is experiencing a
Who Owns Native Culture
The author proposes alternative strategies for defending the heritage of vulnerable native communities without blocking the open communicatin essential to the life of pluralist democracies. The book
Patents and Licensing, Ethics, Ownership of Animal, and Plant Genes
Introduction Patent Law and Morality Animal Patents Animal Welfare Animal Rights Reductionism Hubris and Risks Patenting, Farmers,
Terminator Technology
  • Ecologist
  • 1988
Patents and Licensing, Ethics, International Controversies
Background United States Canada Europe Controversies Conditions of Patentability What is Excluded? And Why? What Can Be Patented?
The Human Genome Diversity Project: The Politics of Patents at the Intersection of Race, Religion, and Research Ethics
The patenting of human genetic materials provokes wide-ranging misgivings about the appropriate place and scope of intellectual property protections. The issues implicated range from anti-competitive
Hyperownership in a Time of Biotechnological Promise: The International Conflict to Control the Building Blocks of Life
This article addresses the corrosive interplay between the patent-based and the sovereign-based systems of ownership of genetic material. In patent-based systems, genetic material is increasingly
Is it right or is it useful? Patenting of the human gene, Lockean property rights, and the erosion of the imago Dei.
  • P. Cunningham
  • Medicine, Engineering
    Ethics & medicine : a Christian perspective on issues in bioethics
  • 2003
...
...