The Genesis and Collapse of Third Millennium North Mesopotamian Civilization

  title={The Genesis and Collapse of Third Millennium North Mesopotamian Civilization},
  author={Harvey Weiss and Marie Agn{\`e}s Courty and Wilma Wetterstrom and Françoise Guichard and Louise M. Senior and Richard Meadow and A Curnow},
  pages={1004 - 995}
Archaeological and soil-stratigraphic data define the origin, growth, and collapse of Subir, the third millennium rain-fed agriculture civilization of northern Mesopotamia on the Habur Plains of Syria. At 2200 B. C., a marked increase in aridity and wind circulation, subsequent to a volcanic eruption, induced a considerable degradation of land-use conditions. After four centuries of urban life, this abrupt climatic change evidently caused abandonment of Tell Leilan, regional desertion, and… 
The Scenario of Environmental Degradation in the Tell Leilan Region, Ne Syria, During the Late Third Millennium Abrupt Climate Change
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