The Generation Effect: Delineation of a Phenomenon

  title={The Generation Effect: Delineation of a Phenomenon},
  author={Norman J. Slamecka and Peter Graf},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning \& Memory},
  • N. J. Slamecka, P. Graf
  • Published 1 November 1978
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory
Five experiments are reported comparing memory for words that were generated by the subjects themselves with the same words when they were simply presented to be read. In all cases, performance in the generate condition was superior to that in the read condition. This held for measures of cued and uncued recognition, free and cued recall, and confidence ratings. The phenomenon persisted across variations in encoding rules, timed or selfpaced presentation, presence or absence of test information… 

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