The Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer for the Huygens Probe

@article{Niemann2002TheGC,
  title={The Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer for the Huygens Probe},
  author={Hasso Bernhard Otto Niemann and Sushil Atreya and Siegfried J. Bauer and Klaus Biemann and Bruce Block and George R. Carignan and Thomas M. Donahue and Robert L. Frost and Daniel Gautier and J. A. Haberman and Dan N. Harpold and Donald M. Hunten and Gary M. Israel and Jonathan I. Lunine and Konrad Mauersberger and Tobias C. Owen and François Raulin and J. E. Richards and Stephen Way},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
  year={2002},
  volume={104},
  pages={553-591}
}
The Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GCMS) on the Huygens Probe will measure the chemical composition of Titan's atmosphere from 170 km altitude (∼1 hPa) to the surface (∼1500 hPa) and determine the isotope ratios of the major gaseous constituents. The GCMS will also analyze gas samples from the Aerosol Collector Pyrolyser (ACP) and may be able to investigate the composition (including isotope ratios) of several candidate surface materials.The GCMS is a quadrupole mass filter with a… 
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