The Galileo Probe Mass Spectrometer: Composition of Jupiter's Atmosphere

@article{Niemann1996TheGP,
  title={The Galileo Probe Mass Spectrometer: Composition of Jupiter's Atmosphere},
  author={Hasso Bernhard Otto Niemann and Sushil K. Atreya and George R. Carignan and Thomas M. Donahue and John A. Haberman and Dan N. Harpold and Richard E. Hartle and Donald M. Hunten and Wayne T. Kasprzak and Paul R. Mahaffy and Tobias C. Owen and Nelson W. Spencer and Stanley H. Way},
  journal={Science},
  year={1996},
  volume={272},
  pages={846 - 849}
}
The composition of the jovian atmosphere from 0.5 to 21 bars along the descent trajectory was determined by a quadrupole mass spectrometer on the Galileo probe. The mixing ratio of He (helium) to H2 (hydrogen), 0.156, is close to the solar ratio. The abundances of methane, water, argon, neon, and hydrogen sulfide were measured; krypton and xenon were detected. As measured in the jovian atmosphere, the amount of carbon is 2.9 times the solar abundance relative to H2, the amount of sulfur is… 
Chemical composition measurements of the atmosphere of Jupiter with the Galileo Probe mass spectrometer.
  • H. Niemann, S. Atreya, N. Spencer
  • Environmental Science, Physics
    Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research
  • 1998
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