The Galaxy “Missing Dark Matter” NGC 1052-DF4 is Undergoing Tidal Disruption

  title={The Galaxy “Missing Dark Matter” NGC 1052-DF4 is Undergoing Tidal Disruption},
  author={Mireia Montes and Ra{\'u}l Infante-Sainz and A. Madrigal-Aguado and Javier Rom{\'a}n and Matteo Monelli and Alejandro S. Borlaff and Ignacio Trujillo},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
The existence of long-lived galaxies lacking dark matter represents a challenge to our understanding of how galaxies form. Here, we present evidence that explains the lack of dark matter in one such galaxy: NGC 1052-DF4. Deep optical imaging of the system has detected tidal tails in this object caused by its interaction with its neighboring galaxy NGC 1035. As stars are more centrally concentrated than dark matter, tidal stripping will remove a significant percentage of dark matter before… 

Tidal Distortions in NGC1052-DF2 and NGC1052-DF4: Independent Evidence for a Lack of Dark Matter

Two ultra-diffuse galaxies in the same group, NGC1052-DF2 and NGC1052-DF4, have been found to have little or no dark matter and to host unusually luminous globular cluster populations. Such low-mass

Testing the Galaxy-collision-induced Formation Scenario for the Trail of Dark-matter-deficient Galaxies with the Susceptibility of Globular Clusters to the Tidal Force

It has been suggested that a trail of diffuse galaxies, including two dark-matter-deficient galaxies (DMDGs), in the vicinity of NGC 1052 formed because of a high-speed collision between two gas-rich

Monochromatic Globular Clusters as a Critical Test of Formation Models for the Dark Matter–deficient Galaxies NGC 1052-DF2 and NGC 1052-DF4

It was recently proposed that the dark matter–deficient ultradiffuse galaxies DF2 and DF4 in the NGC 1052 group could be the products of a “bullet dwarf” collision between two gas-rich progenitor

DHOST gravity in ultra-diffuse galaxies – part I: the case of NGC1052-DF2

The Ultra-Diffuse galaxy NGC1052-DF2 has recently been revealed to be “extremely deficient” in dark matter, if not lacking it at all. This claim has raised many questions regarding the relationship

A trail of dark-matter-free galaxies from a bullet-dwarf collision

The ultra-diffuse galaxies DF2 and DF4 in the NGC 1052 group share several unusual properties: they both have large sizes1, rich populations of overluminous and large globular clusters2–6, and very

Galaxies lacking dark matter produced by close encounters in a cosmological simulation

The standard cold dark matter plus cosmological constant model predicts that galaxies form within dark-matter haloes, and that low-mass galaxies are more dark-matter dominated than massive ones. The

Ultra-diffuse galaxies at the crossroads

A Shallow Dark Matter Halo in Ultra-diffuse Galaxy AGC 242019: Are UDGs Structurally Similar to Low-surface-brightness Galaxies?

A central question regarding ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) is whether they are in a separate category from low-surface-brightness (LSB) galaxies, or just their natural continuation toward low stellar

Formation of an ultra-diffuse galaxy in the stellar filaments of NGC 3314A: Caught in the act?

The VEGAS imaging survey of the Hydra I cluster has revealed an extended network of stellar filaments to the south-west of the spiral galaxy NGC 3314A. Within these filaments, at a projected distance

A Disk and No Signatures of Tidal Distortion in the Galaxy “Lacking” Dark Matter NGC 1052-DF2

Using ultra-deep imaging (μ g = 30.4 mag arcsec−2; 3σ, 10″ × 10″), we probed the surroundings of the first galaxy “lacking” dark matter (DM) KKS2000[04] (NGC 1052–DF2). Signs of tidal stripping in



Tidal stripping as a possible origin of the ultra diffuse galaxy lacking dark matter

  • G. Ogiya
  • Physics
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
  • 2018
Recent observations revealed a mysterious ultra diffuse galaxy, NGC1052-DF2, in the group of a large elliptical galaxy, NGC1052. Compared to expectations from abundance matching models, the dark

A Second Galaxy Missing Dark Matter in the NGC 1052 Group

The ultra-diffuse galaxy NGC1052-DF2 has a very low velocity dispersion, indicating that it has little or no dark matter. Here we report the discovery of a second galaxy in this class, residing in

A distance of 13 Mpc resolves the claimed anomalies of the galaxy lacking dark matter

The claimed detection of a diffuse galaxy lacking dark matter represents a possible challenge to our understanding of the properties of these galaxies and galaxy formation in general. The galaxy,

Intracluster light: a luminous tracer for dark matter in clusters of galaxies

The bulk of stars in galaxy clusters are confined within their constituent galaxies. Those stars do not trace the extended distribution of dark matter well as they are located in the central regions

Self-Interacting Dark Matter and the Origin of Ultradiffuse Galaxies NGC1052-DF2 and -DF4.

It is found that a CDM halo must have a very low concentration so that it can lose sufficient inner mass in the tidal field, and that SIDM is more favorable for the formation of dark-matter-deficient galaxies.

A tidal tale: detection of several stellar streams in the environment of NGC 1052

The possible existence of two dark-matter-free galaxies (NGC 1052-DF2 and NGC 1052-DF4) in the field of the early-type galaxy NGC 1052 presents a challenge to theories of dwarf galaxy formation

A Scenario for Ultradiffuse Satellite Galaxies with Low Velocity Dispersions: The Case of [KKS 2000]04

  • A. Nusser
  • Physics
    The Astrophysical Journal
  • 2020
A scenario for achieving a low velocity dispersion for the galaxy [KKS 2000]04 (aka NGC 1052-DF2) and similar galaxies is presented. A progenitor halo corresponding to a z = 0 halo of mass and a low

Gas dynamics in tidal dwarf galaxies: disc formation at z = 0 ?

Tidal dwarf galaxies (TDGs) are recycled objects that form within the collisional debris of interacting/merging galaxies. They are expected to be devoid of non-baryonic dark matter, since they can

The impact of galaxy harassment on the globular cluster systems of early-type cluster dwarf galaxies

The dynamics of globular cluster systems (GCSs) around galaxies are often used to assess the total enclosed mass, and even to constrain the dark matter distribution. The globular cluster system of a

A Tip of the Red Giant Branch Distance to the Dark Matter Deficient Galaxy NGC 1052-DF4 from Deep Hubble Space Telescope Data

Previous studies have shown that the large, diffuse galaxies NGC 1052-DF2 and NGC 1052-DF4 both have populations of unusually luminous globular clusters as well as a very low dark matter content.