The Gaia Hypothesis: Fact, Theory, and Wishful Thinking

  title={The Gaia Hypothesis: Fact, Theory, and Wishful Thinking},
  author={James W. Kirchner},
  journal={Climatic Change},
  • J. Kirchner
  • Published 1 March 2002
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • Climatic Change
Organisms can greatly affect their environments, and the feedback coupling between organisms and their environments can shape the evolution of both. Beyond these generally accepted facts, the Gaia hypothesis advances three central propositions: (1) that biologically mediated feedbacks contribute to environmental homeostasis, (2) that they make the environment more suitable for life, and (3) that such feedbacks should arise by Darwinian natural selection. These three propositions do not fare… 
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