The Future of Secularism: a Biologically Informed Theory Supplemented with Cross-Cultural Evidence

@article{Ellis2017TheFO,
  title={The Future of Secularism: a Biologically Informed Theory Supplemented with Cross-Cultural Evidence},
  author={Lee Ellis and Anthony W. Hoskin and Edward Croft Dutton and Helmuth Nyborg},
  journal={Evolutionary Psychological Science},
  year={2017},
  volume={3},
  pages={224-242}
}
For over a century, social scientists have predicted declines in religious beliefs and their replacement with more scientific/naturalistic outlooks, a prediction known as the secularization hypothesis. However, skepticism surrounding this hypothesis has been expressed by some researchers in recent decades. After reviewing the pertinent evidence and arguments, we examined some aspects of the secularization hypothesis from what is termed a biologically informed perspective. Based on large samples… Expand

Tables from this paper

Execution, Violent Punishment and Selection for Religiousness in Medieval England
Frost and Harpending, Evolutionary Psychology, 13 (2015), have argued that the increasing use of capital punishment across the Middle Ages in Europe altered the genotype, helping to create a lessExpand
Religiosity in adolescence.
TLDR
Researchers demonstrate robust mediating effects of effortful control for explaining religiosity's influence on outcomes, and approaches to establish mediation through assessment intraindividual variability in the daily dynamics of religiosity and positive outcomes are promising. Expand
EFFECTS OF ACADEMIC DEGREE AND DISCIPLINE ON RELIGIOUS AND EVOLUTIONARY VIEWS IN CHILE AND COLOMBIA
Relationships between degree/area of academic formation and religious and Darwinian views are controversial. This study aimed to compare the religious beliefs and acceptance of Darwinian evolutionExpand
Why is Intelligence Negatively Associated with Religiousness?
We present three models which attempt to explain the robust negative association between religion and intelligence: the Irrationality of Religion Model, the Cultural Mediation Hypothesis, and theExpand
East Asian low marriage and birth rates: The role of life history strategy, culture, and social status affordance
Abstract Although economic development is broadly associated with low fertility, countries with a predominantly East Asian cultural population exhibit the lowest fertility rates in the developedExpand
NEW AGE ATHEISM MOVEMENT: A VANISHING MEDIATOR INTO A FUTURISTIC SECULAR SOCIETY
The progress of natural science together with some of the crimes and violent actions committed by religions were central to the New Age Movement of Atheism since the first decade of the century.Expand
Computer Modeling in Philosophy of Religion
Abstract How might philosophy of religion be impacted by developments in computational modeling and social simulation? After briefly describing some of the content and context biases that have shapedExpand
Anti-Natalism from an Evolutionary Psychological Perspective
Although research has investigated both moral psychology and evolutionary motivations behind reproduction, psychological issues at the intersection of these two domains remain relatively unexplored.Expand
“For Tomorrow We Die”? Testing the Accuracy of Stereotypes about Atheists and Agnostics
Research is increasingly finding that stereotypes about the average intelligence or personality of different groups, when actually tested, have a substantial degree of empirical accuracy. This hasExpand
Why Do the Godless Prosper? Modeling the Cognitive and Coalitional Mechanisms That Promote Atheism
This article offers an affirmative construal of atheism: the attempt to make sense of the world with naturalist explanations and to act sensibly in society following secularist principles (i.e.,Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 202 REFERENCES
Demography and Modernization as the Major Determinants of Religious Belief
Using a sample of up to 62 countries, this study finds that differential fertility influences trend lines in the prevalence of theistic religious belief at the country level. High religiosity ofExpand
Religion and Parental Child-Rearing Orientations: Evidence of a Catholic-Protestant Convergence
  • D. Alwin
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1986
Weber's interpretation of the relationship between religious values and economic rationalism led observers of American society in the past to posit fundamental between-group differences in values toExpand
Religiosity and fear of death: a three‐nation comparison
Numerous studies have sought to determine if religiosity is correlated with fear of death. Findings have been anything but consistent, with reports of negative relationships, positive relationships,Expand
Dimensions of Religiosity Reconsidered; Evidence from a Cross-Cultural Study*
This paper supports the multidimensional conceptualization of religiosity by presenting empirical evidence for a strikingly similar dimensional pattern for a group of German and American students. AnExpand
Explaining a Religious Anomaly: A Historical Analysis of Secularization in Eastern Germany
The sociology of religion is engrossed in a debate concerning the process of secularization. Some theories of secularization hold that religiosity decreases under the effects of modernization. InExpand
Generations of Decline: Religious Change in 20th‐Century Britain
This article analyzes the best available evidence from the major British social surveys to describe and explain the continuous decline of religion throughout the 20th century. This decline isExpand
Religion, Religiosity and Male and Female Fertility
Previous studies have demonstrated religion to be an important factor that differentiates women’s fertility. This chapter extends the examination to men’s fertility outcome and their religion.Expand
Religion and fertility ideals, intentions and behaviour: a comparative study of European countries
European demographers rarely study religion as a determinant of contemporary demographic behaviour. One reason could be the secularisation observed in European countries, implying that the effect ofExpand
How does fertility relate to religiosity: survey evidence from Israel.
This paper presents new evidence that Jews in Israel who are more religious also have higher fertility and lower rates of contraceptive use. The data used were drawn from an unpublishedExpand
Religious affiliation religiosity and male and female fertility.
Religious studies of fertility typically focus on the effect of religious affiliation on fertility; the role of religiosity in determining fertility remains overlooked. Meanwhile, most studies focusExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...