The Future of Seawater Desalination: Energy, Technology, and the Environment

@article{Elimelech2011TheFO,
  title={The Future of Seawater Desalination: Energy, Technology, and the Environment},
  author={Menachem Elimelech and William A. Phillip},
  journal={Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={333},
  pages={712 - 717}
}
In recent years, numerous large-scale seawater desalination plants have been built in water-stressed countries to augment available water resources, and construction of new desalination plants is expected to increase in the near future. Despite major advancements in desalination technologies, seawater desalination is still more energy intensive compared to conventional technologies for the treatment of fresh water. There are also concerns about the potential environmental impacts of large-scale… 
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