The Future of American Blackness: On Colorism and Racial Reorganization

  title={The Future of American Blackness: On Colorism and Racial Reorganization},
  author={Robert L. Reece},
  journal={Review of Black Political Economy},
  pages={481 - 505}
  • R. Reece
  • Published 14 May 2021
  • Art
  • Review of Black Political Economy
This manuscript leverages the plethora of research on colorism and skin tone stratification among Black Americans to consider how the “Black” racial category may change going forward. I build on ideas about path dependence, racial and ethnic boundary formations, racial reorganization, and a case study on race and body size to explore how extant group-level differences in social outcomes and emerging differences in political attitudes between lighter skinned and darker skinned Black Americans… 

“They Say We’re Violent”: The Multidimensionality of Race in Perceptions of Police Brutality and BLM

A growing literature demonstrates the importance of both race and skin color in one’s lived experiences, including interactions with police. Media discourse and anti-police brutality movements

A Scoping Review of Colorism in Schools: Academic, Social, and Emotional Experiences of Students of Color

Students of color experience academic, social, and emotional challenges due to colorism in schools. The purpose of this scoping review is to compare the experiences with colorism of students from



Color Crit: Critical Race Theory and the History and Future of Colorism in the United States

  • R. Reece
  • Sociology
    Journal of Black Studies
  • 2018
Critical race theory teaches that racism and racial inequality are constants in American society that stand outside of the prejudices of individuals. It argues that structures and institutions are

The Skin Color Paradox and the American Racial Order

Dark-skinned blacks in the United States have lower socioeconomic status, more punitive relationships with the criminal justice system, diminished prestige, and less likelihood of holding elective

Coloring Racial Fluidity: How Skin Tone Shapes Multiracial Adolescents’ Racial Identity Changes

  • R. Reece
  • Psychology
    Race and Social Problems
  • 2019
Research on racial fluidity has become increasingly common as researchers seek to understand the ways and reasons people change their racial identifications and/or are perceived differently over time

The Gender of Colorism: Understanding the Intersection of Skin Tone and Gender Inequality

Although researchers have made great strides in understanding colorism and skin tone stratification in the USA, important connections are still outstanding. One of these connections lies at the

The color of punishment: African Americans, skin tone, and the criminal justice system

ABSTRACT Public debate and scholarly research has largely concentrated on the vast array of disparities between blacks and whites in their treatment by and experiences with the criminal justice

Colorstruck: Skin Color Stratification in the Lives of African American Women

This paper examines the stratification among African American women by skin color on indices such as education, income, and spousal status. How racial and colonial ideologies situate whiteness and

Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America

Acknowledgments Preface to the Fourth Edition 1. The Strange Enigma of Race in Contemporary America 2. The New Racism: The U.S. Racial Structure Since the 1960s 3. The Central Frames of Color-Blind

Us and Them

How will Hispanic population growth affect black-white relations in the United States? Research on intergroup relations operates within a two-group paradigm, furnishing few insights into multi-group

Pigmentocracies: ethnicity, race, and color in Latin America

... racial theory should have been rooted in the experiences of the first peoples who experienced racialization, but that was not the case... Even when Latin American and Caribbean writers have