The Further Evolution of Cooperation

@article{Axelrod1988TheFE,
  title={The Further Evolution of Cooperation},
  author={Robert Axelrod and Douglas Dion},
  journal={Science},
  year={1988},
  volume={242},
  pages={1385 - 1390}
}
Axelrod's model of the evolution of cooperation was based on the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma. Empirical work following this approach has helped establish the prevalence of cooperation based on reciprocity. Theoretical work has led to a deeper understanding of the role of other factors in the evolution of cooperation: the number of players, the range of possible choices, variation in the payoff structure, noise, the shadow of the future, population dynamics, and population structure. 
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TLDR
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The impact of noise on iterated prisoner's dilemma with multiple levels of cooperation
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  • Physics
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  • 2004
TLDR
It is shown that noise has a negative impact on the evolution of cooperation, but could improve, surprisingly, the evolutionary stability.
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