The Fundamental Attribution Error in Attributing Fictional Figures' Characteristics to the Actors

@article{TalOr2007TheFA,
  title={The Fundamental Attribution Error in Attributing Fictional Figures' Characteristics to the Actors},
  author={Nurit Tal-Or and Yael Papirman},
  journal={Media Psychology},
  year={2007},
  volume={9},
  pages={331 - 345}
}
Two studies attempted to document the occurrence of the psychological phenomenon known as the fundamental attribution error (FAE) in the audiovisual medium. The FAE refers to the human tendency to attribute people's behavior to internal traits more than to external factors. In Study 1, we demonstrated that in the audiovisual medium, viewers tend to attribute an actor's behavior in television dramas to the actor's personality, ignoring the existence of a script dictating the actor's behavior… 
Playing a Bad Character but Endorsing a Good Cause: Actor-character Fundamental Attribution Error and Persuasion
The study examines the implications of fundamental attribution error, wherein viewers misattribute qualities of the fictional characters onto the actors who portray them. In an experiment,
How Audiences Engage With Drama: Identification, Attribution and Moral Approval
Fictional storytelling has played an important role in human cultural life since earliest times, and we are willing to invest significant quantities of time, mental effort and money in it.
When Actors Don’t Walk the Talk: Parasocial Relationships Moderate the Effect of Actor-Character Incongruence
The study examines the effect of a narrative that featured an actor playing a counterattitudinal role. Participants read an online magazine interview with a popular comedian and then watched a sitcom
Does What We Know About Actors’ Real Lives
Abstract. The current study examines the effect of the valence of information provided about an actor on viewers’ identification with the character played by that actor and enjoyment of watching the
Influence of the Fundamental Attribution Error on Perceptions of Blame and Negligence.
TLDR
Evidence is provided of the importance of considering trait individual differences in the likelihood to ignore situational demands when individuals are making legally relevant judgments about automobile accidents and of dispositional blame attributions to perceptions of negligence.
Experimental Manipulation of Psychological Involvement with Media
The study evaluates the effectiveness of experimental manipulations of transportation, immersion, spatial presence, character identification, and perceived similarity. The meta-analysis reveals that
To Teach and Delight: The Varieties of Learning From Fiction
  • J. Best
  • Art, Psychology
    Review of General Psychology
  • 2020
It is well known that people who read fiction have many reasons for doing so. But perhaps one of the most understudied reasons people have for reading fiction is their belief that reading will result
Expectancy Violations in Relationships with Friends and Media Figures
Expectancy violations can have damaging effects in social relationships, but their comparative effects on relationships with media figures has not been explored. A questionnaire was given to 125
Oh G-d, a borderline: Clinical diagnostics as fundamental attribution error
Researchers raise concerns that the diagnostic approach can create stigma and lead to clinical inferences that focus on dispositional characteristics at the expense of situational variables. From
An Investigation Into Audiences’ Reactions to Transgressions by Liked and Disliked Media Figures
The present study investigates audiences’ parasocial relationship (PSR) reduction, parasocial breakup (PSB), attribution of causes, and forgiveness of their liked and disliked media figures for the
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
Actors and Observers Revisited: Correspondence Bias, Counterfactual Surprise, and Discounting in Successive Judgments of Constrained Behavior
In two experiments we examined first, whether observers given information about a film actor's personality would infer correspondent dispositions from a role he played in a film, and second, the
On cognitive busyness: When person perceivers meet persons perceived.
Person perception includes three sequential processes: categorization (what is the actor doing?), characterization (what trait does the action imply?), and correction (what situational constraints
The role of transportation in the persuasiveness of public narratives.
TLDR
A transportation scale was developed and validated, and studies showed that transportation and corresponding beliefs were generally unaffected by labeling a story as fact or as fiction.
On being happy and mistaken: mood effects on the fundamental attribution error.
  • J. Forgas
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1998
TLDR
3 experiments predicted and found that negative moods decrease and positive moods increase the fundamental attribution error (FAE), and showed that changes in the FAE were linked to mood-induced differences in processing style, as indicated by memory data and confirmed by mediational analyses.
Social Roles, Social Control and Biases in Social Perception
To make accurate social judgments, an individual must both recognize and adequately correct for the self-presentation advantages or disadvantages conferred upon actors by their social roles. Two
The correspondence bias.
TLDR
An intellectual history of the correspondence bias is sketched, 4 mechanisms (lack of awareness, unrealistic expectations, inflated categorizations, and incomplete corrections) that produce distinct forms of correspondence bias are described, and how the consequences of correspondence-biased inferences may perpetuate such inferences are discussed.
Reasoning about the Realities on Television: A Developmental Study. Technical Report No. 18.
Children's reality‐fantasy judgments about television shift, with age, from a focus on physical features and a rigid assessment of actuality, to a sensitivity to the plausibility of characters and
...
1
2
3
4
...