The Functional Movement Screen: A Review

@article{Beardsley2014TheFM,
  title={The Functional Movement Screen: A Review},
  author={Chris Beardsley and Bret Contreras},
  journal={Strength and Conditioning Journal},
  year={2014},
  volume={36},
  pages={72–80}
}
ABSTRACT THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN (FMS) IS A PRE-PARTICIPATION SCREENING TOOL COMPRISING 7 INDIVIDUAL TESTS FOR WHICH BOTH INDIVIDUAL SCORES AND AN OVERALL SCORE ARE GIVEN. THE FMS DISPLAYS BOTH INTERRATER AND INTRARATER RELIABILITY BUT HAS BEEN CHALLENGED ON THE BASIS OF A LACK OF VALIDITY IN SEVERAL RESPECTS. THE FMS SEEMS TO HAVE SOME DEGREE OF PREDICTIVE ABILITY FOR IDENTIFYING ATHLETES WHO ARE AT AN INCREASED RISK OF INJURY. HOWEVER, A POOR SCORE ON THE FMS DOES NOT PRECLUDE ATHLETES… 

Tables from this paper

Assessing movement using a variety of screening tests
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The NASM method delves into the possible reasons for such compensations in much greater detail than the FMS and provides a score ranging from 0-3 whereas the NASM prefer to focus on what movement compensation occurs at each joint with possible overand under-active muscles that could be contributing to the dysfunction.
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TLDR
The pros and cons of FMS and POTENTIAL SEX DIFFERENCes in SCORing are discussed and strategies to reduce injury rates and improve competitiveness in female athletes are proposed.
The functional movement screen and abdominal muscle activation in the prediction of injuries in high school cricket pace bowlers
TLDR
To establish the concurrent validity of the FMS DS by comparing real-time observer rating to objective kinematic motion analysis, 17 injury-free, male cricket pace bowlers between the ages of 13 and 18 years performed the F MS DS.
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Kraus, K, Schütz, E, and Doyscher, R. The relationship between a jump-landing task and functional movement screen items : a validation study. J Strength Cond Res 33(7): 1855–1863, 2019—Sports
Do Normative Composite Scores on the Functional Movement Screen Differ Across High School, Collegiate, and Professional Athletes? A Critical Review.
TLDR
These findings potentially undermine the FMS's predictive validity and provide further evidence against the composite score for injury prediction in competitive athletes.
THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREENING TOOL DOES NOT PREDICT INJURY IN FOOTBALL
TLDR
There appears to be only statistically significant associations between 2 of the 7 FMS components and non-contact injury incidence within youth players from one professional football clubs’ academy.
Construct Validation of the FMS : Relationship between a Jump-Landing Task and FMS Items
Sports injuries and athletic performance are comple x ar as, which are characterized by manifold interdependencies. The landing error scori ng system (LESS) is a valid screening tool to examine
The Relationship Between a Jump-Landing Task and Functional Movement Screen Items : A Validation Study.
TLDR
A potential cognitive strategy shift from internal (FMS) to external focus (LESS) and different muscle recruitment patterns are potential explanations for the nonsignificant linear relationship between the FMS and LESS data.
The Effect of Total Motion Release on Functional Movement Screen Composite Scores: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
TLDR
Initial evidence is provided that the use of TMR rapidly produces acute improvements in movement quality, as measured by the Functional Movement Screen, in a young, physically active population compared with no intervention.
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References

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TLDR
This cross-sectional study provides FMS(TM) reference values for young, active individuals, which will assist in the interpretation of individual scores when screening athletes for musculoskeletal injury and performance factors.
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TLDR
Among novice raters, the FMS composite score demonstrated moderate to good interrater and intrarater reliability, with acceptable levels of measurement error.
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TLDR
The results of the test indicate that the FMS is a reliable screening tool when used by untrained practitioners in determining faulty movement patterns and that clinical experience level does not affect the reliability, therefore it may be a useful tool in the screening of athletic populations.
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TLDR
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Interrater Reliability of the Functional Movement Screen
TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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    Journal of strength and conditioning research
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TLDR
A higher level of exercise participation was associated with higher F MS scores, whereas higher BMI and age were associated with lower FMS scores, and there was a significant difference between individuals with high (>30) and moderate BMIs.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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