The Function of Multiple Mating by Female Promethea Moths, Callosamia promethea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)

  title={The Function of Multiple Mating by Female Promethea Moths, Callosamia promethea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)},
  author={Eugene S. Morton},
Abstract Promethea (Callosamia promethea) and tulip tree silk moths (C. angulifera) were compared under semi-natural conditions for the presence of polyandry. Promethea were polyandrous, the first documentation for a saturniid moth, whereas tulip tree moths were monandrous. Experiments showed that polyandrous and monandrous promethea females achieved similar egg fertility, but polyandrous females laid 10% more eggs, a significant difference (P < 0.05). This difference was found in five sibling… 

Is Multiple Mating by Female Promethea Moths (Callosamia promethea) (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Fertility Insurance?

  • E. Morton
  • Biology
    The Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society
  • 2017
No differences were found in fecundity or fertility in females mated to virgin males vs. nonv virgin males, showing that multiple mating by female promethea moths is not related to lower fertility when mating with nonvirgin males.

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  • R. M. HareL. Simmons
  • Biology, Psychology
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2019
stantial evidence exists of females bearing characters or exhibiting behaviours that result in differential reproductive success that are analogous to those attributed to sexual selection in males, and it is predicted that current and future research on female sexual selection will provide increasing support for the parsimony and utility of the existing definition of sexual selection.

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It is shown that luna moths generate an acoustic diversion with spinning hindwing tails to deflect echolocating bat attacks away from their body and toward these nonessential appendages, suggesting that focusing on the sensory ecologies of key predators will reveal such countermeasures in prey.



Egg Production in Female Callosamia promethea (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) as a Function of Pupal Size and Adult Longevity

In female Callosamia promethea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), the egg complement at emergence (TE) is highly correlated with pupal weight (WT), and low correlation is found between adult longevity and total eggs deposited (Et).

The cost of mating with a non-virgin male in a monandrous butterfly: experimental evidence from the speckled wood, Pararge aegeria

The effect of male mating status (virgin male vs recently mated male) on copulation duration, spermatophore size and females’ fitness components in a monandrous butterfly Pararge aegeria that typically donates small sperMatophores is experimentally tested.

Male mating history and female fecundity in the Lepidoptera: do male virgins make better partners?

A meta-analysis using data from 29 studies of 25 species found that the reproductive output of females mated to virgin males was significantly higher than that of femalesmated to sexually experienced males, and possible reasons why male mating history, presumably acting through its effect on spermatophore size, might have a stronger effect in polyandrous than monandrous species are discussed.

Lack of physiological improvement in performance of Callosamia promethea larvae on local host plant favorites

It is suggested that for C. promethea larvae, growth performance and survival is primarily influenced by plant nutritional quality, rather than physiological adaptations to the locally preferred host plant.

Mating in the afternoon: Time-saving in courtship and remating by females of a polyandrous butterfly Pieris napi L.

Observations in the green-veined white butterfly, Pieris napi, support the idea that females emit repellent pheromones after mating, which may be male derived and suggest that non-virgin females minimize the time cost of rematings by allocating them to an hour when the egglaying frequency has decreased to a low level.

The evolution of polyandry: multiple mating and female fitness in insects

A meta-analysis of 122 experimental studies addressing the direct effects of multiple mating on female fitness in insects shows that females gain directly from multiple matings in terms of increased lifetime offspring production, and supports the existence of an intermediate optimal female mating rate.

Polyandry and fecundity in the Lepidoptera: can methodological and conceptual approaches bias outcomes?

It is suggested that greater attention must be paid to variation among females in their propensity to mate multiply because it covaries with the proportion of naturally monandrous females in that species.

Mating Behavior and Life Habits of the Sweet-Bay Silk Moth (Cailosamia carolina)

The mating activity of the sweet-bay silk moth (Callosamia carolina) was confined to the midday period between 10 a. m. and 3 p. m. The closely related tulip-tree silk moth (Callosamia angulifera),

Sexual selection in a moth: effect of symmetry on male mating success in the wild

This work quantified phenotypic selection on male morphology in this species in the field and suggests that FAs of male traits, in particular the genital clasper, may have indirect and direct influences on mating success.

Sexual conflict over nuptial gifts in insects.

  • D. Gwynne
  • Biology
    Annual review of entomology
  • 2008
Comparison, experimental, and natural history evidence reveal that most edible gifts of prey or glandular products provide direct benefits to females, and points out the difficulties in determining that female remating rates are suboptimal.