The Fukushima disaster and Japan's nuclear plant vulnerability in comparative perspective.

  title={The Fukushima disaster and Japan's nuclear plant vulnerability in comparative perspective.},
  author={Phillip Y. Lipscy and Kenji Erik Kushida and Trevor Incerti},
  journal={Environmental science \& technology},
  volume={47 12},
We consider the vulnerability of nuclear power plants to a disaster like the one that occurred at Fukushima Daiichi. Examination of Japanese nuclear plants affected by the earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011 shows that three variables were crucial at the early stages of the crisis: plant elevation, sea wall elevation, and location and status of backup generators. Higher elevations for these variables, or waterproof protection of backup generators, could have mitigated or prevented the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

An Introduction to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and Accident

The incident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) represents one of the greatest ever radioactive release events to occur at a nuclear power generation facility. Classified as severe

The Fukushima Nuclear Disaster and the Democratic Party of Japan

The Fukushima nuclear disaster was a critical juncture in the world's relationship with nuclear energy, as well as Japan's postwar political economy, society, and national psyche. The Democratic

The Fukushima accident was preventable

  • C. SynolakisU. Kânoğlu
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2015
The Fukushima accident was preventable, if international best practices and standards had been followed, if there had been international reviews, and had common sense prevailed in the interpretation of pre-existing geological and hydrodynamic findings.

Two Major Nuclear Emergencies: A Comparison of Chernobyl and Fukushima

  • G. Steinhauser
  • Environmental Science
    Current Topics in Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
  • 2019
In this chapter, various aspects of the two major reactor accidents at Chernobyl (1986; Ukrainian SSR) and Fukushima (2011; Japan) are discussed and compared. Both accidents have been ranked at the

China’s Response to Nuclear Safety Post-Fukushima: Genuine or Rhetoric?

The Fukushima crisis has brought the nuclear safety problem to the world’s attention. China is the most ambitious country in the world in nuclear power development. How China perceives and responds

Technical and non-technical challenges for the Lungmen nuclear power plant project in Taiwan

ABSTRACT The Lungmen Nuclear Power Plant (LNPP) Project is the fourth nuclear power plant project in Taiwan, with two sets of 1,350 MW Advanced Boiling Water Reactors designed by General Electric

An Assessment of the Impact of Natural and Technological Disasters Using a DEA Approach

A model of regions’ ranking in terms of their vulnerability to natural and technological disasters, taking into account the risks of the implementation of different measures, their cost as well as the heterogeneity of regions is considered.

Multicriterial method of AHP analysis for the identification of coastal vulnerability regarding the rise of sea level: case study in Ilha Grande Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Current climate changes have several consequences, such as rising sea levels. Today, the identification of coastal vulnerabilities worldwide is necessary to prevent impacts and drive action. The aim

Measurements of atmospheric radioactivity dose rates over the North Pacific after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident during the period March 2011 - March 2015

Abstract. On 11 April 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred about 154 km northeast of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP1; 37.420° N and 141.033° E). Here we present continuous

Economics of Nuclear Power : Construction Costs and Safety Regulation

This thesis studies the role of construction costs and safety regulation on nuclear power competitiveness. The analysis of the construction costs is based on the use of the actual data coming from



A Comparative Institutional Analysis of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Lessons and Policy Implications

This paper analyzes the causes, responses, and consequences of the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident (March 2011) by comparing these with Three Mile Island (March 1979) and Chernobyl (April

Japan's Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Narrative, Analysis, Recommendations

This report provides one of the first coherent, readable narratives of the Fukushima nuclear disaster — what happened in the first few days. It is based on new sources available in Japanese and


On December 26, 2004, a devastating severe earthquake (magnitude 9.0) occurred off the western coast of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. The earthquake was caused by the release of stresses accumulated

A Critical Evaluation of Nuclear Power and Renewable Electricity in Asia

Abstract This article judges modern nuclear power and renewable electricity technologies according to six criteria: cost; fuel availability; land degradation; water use; climate change; and

Vulnerability of the Dover Strait to coseismic tsunami hazards: insights from numerical modelling

SUMMARY On 1580 April 6, a large earthquake shook the eastern English Channel and its shores, with numerous casualties and significant destruction documented. Some reports suggest that it was

Propagation characteristics of historical tsunamis that attacked the east coast of Korea

In this study, a numerical modeling system based on the dispersion–correction finite difference scheme equipped with a grid-nesting scheme is constructed. The model is applied to simulate the

Strong tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea : A re-evaluation

Historical documentary sources of the Mediterranean Sea region contain much information about earthquakes and associated phenomena like tsunamis. A catalogue of historical tsunamis generated by

The 869 Jogan tsunami deposit and recurrence interval of large-scale tsunami on the Pacific coast of northeast Japan

The fore-arc region of northeast Japan is an area of extensive seismic activity and tsunami generation. On July 13, 869 a tsunami triggered by a large-scale earthquake invaded its coastal zones,

Tsunami: The Underrated Hazard

The tsunami the underrated hazard is universally compatible with any devices to read and is available in the authors' book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly.