# The Free Will Theorem

@article{Conway2006TheFW, title={The Free Will Theorem}, author={John H. Conway and Simon Kochen}, journal={Foundations of Physics}, year={2006}, volume={36}, pages={1441-1473} }

On the basis of three physical axioms, we prove that if the choice of a particular type of spin 1 experiment is not a function of the information accessible to the experimenters, then its outcome is equally not a function of the information accessible to the particles. We show that this result is robust, and deduce that neither hidden variable theories nor mechanisms of the GRW type for wave function collapse can be made relativistic and causal. We also establish the consistency of our axioms…

## 353 Citations

The Free Will Theorem

- Philosophy
- 2008

I begin with description of quantum entanglement and its relevance to the EPR-type experiments, which played a decisive role in rejecting determinism and hidden-variable theories. Thereby I prove the…

The Strong Free Will Theorem

- Mathematics, Economics
- 2008

We strengthen "The Free Will Theorem" [1] in several ways, by replacing the axiom FIN by a weaker axiom MIN, and also by allowing the particles' responses to depend on past half-spaces rather than on…

What Does the Free Will Theorem Actually Prove

- Philosophy
- 2009

Conway and Kochen have presented a "free will theorem" (Notices of the AMS 56, pgs. 226-232 (2009)) which they claim shows that "if indeed we humans have free will, then [so do] elementary…

Comment on “The Free Will Theorem”

- Physics
- 2007

In a recent paper Conway and Kochen, Found. Phys. 36, 2006, claim to have established that theories of the Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber (RW) type, i.e., of spontaneous wave function collapse, cannot be made…

A whole box of Pandoras: systems, boundaries and free will in quantum theory1

- Philosophy, PhysicsJ. Exp. Theor. Artif. Intell.
- 2013

It is shown that the paradoxes of quantum theory can be traced to an assumption that observers can know which physical degrees of freedom are causally responsible for each of their experiences, and a quantum theory without this assumption is proposed.

Quantum theory and determinism

- Philosophy
- 2014

Historically, appearance of the quantum theory led to a prevailing view that Nature is indeterministic. The arguments for the indeterminism and proposals for indeterministic and deterministic…

Quantum Computers, Predictability, and Free Will

- Philosophy, PhysicsArXiv
- 2022

: This article focuses on the connection between the possibility of quantum computers, the predictability of complex quantum systems in nature, and the issue of free will. The author’s theory, that…

Free Will and Quantum Mechanics: Much Ado about Nothing

- Philosophy
- 2020

In a recent series of papers and lectures, John Conway and Simon Kochen presented The Free Will Theorem. "It asserts, roughly, that if indeed we humans have free will, then elementary particles…

on some (so-called) paradoxes of quantum physics

- Physics, Philosophy
- 2019

This article is devoted to the study of which appears as the most famous paradoxes of quantum theory (Schrodinger cat, EPR argument and Aspect experiments, delayed choice experiments and…

Non-Viability of a Counter-Argument to Bell's Theorem

- Physics
- 2007

It is demonstrated that a recently suggested model for the EPR-Bohm spin experiment, based on Clifford algebra valued local variables and observables, runs into very serious difficulties and can…

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