The Fourth Wave in Deterrence Research

  title={The Fourth Wave in Deterrence Research},
  author={Jeffrey W. Knopf},
  journal={Contemporary Security Policy},
  pages={1 - 33}
  • J. Knopf
  • Published 1 April 2010
  • Law
  • Contemporary Security Policy
Following the end of the Cold War and accelerating after 9/11, a new wave of research on deterrence has emerged. Building on an earlier characterization by Robert Jervis, this work is here designated the fourth wave. The fourth wave reflects efforts to grapple with the change from a relatively symmetrical situation of mutual deterrence that characterized the Cold War to the asymmetric threats that dominate the current security environment for the United States and many other states. Despite… 

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