The Four Es of Problem Gambling: A Psychological Measure of Risk

@article{Rockloff2005TheFE,
  title={The Four Es of Problem Gambling: A Psychological Measure of Risk},
  author={Matthew J. Rockloff and Victoria Kate Dyer},
  journal={Journal of Gambling Studies},
  year={2005},
  volume={22},
  pages={101-120}
}
A focus group of Reno area Gamblers Anonymous members identified four psychological traits contributing to risk for problem gambling, including: Escape, Esteem, Excess and Excitement. A panel of four experts authored 240 Likert-type items to measure these traits. By design, none of the items explicitly referred to gambling activities. Study 1 narrowed the field of useful items by employing a quasi-experimental design which compared the answers of Reno area Gamblers Anonymous members (N = 39) to… CONTINUE READING
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