The First Globalisation and Transnational Labour Activism in Southern Africa: White Labourism, the IWW, and the ICU, 1904–1934

@article{vanderWalt2007TheFG,
  title={The First Globalisation and Transnational Labour Activism in Southern Africa: White Labourism, the IWW, and the ICU, 1904–1934},
  author={Lucien van der Walt},
  journal={African Studies},
  year={2007},
  volume={66},
  pages={223 - 251}
}
In this article, I argue that the history of labour and the working class in southern Africa in the first half of the twentieth century cannot be adequately understood within an analytical framework that takes the nation-state as the primary unit of analysis. The literature has, with very few exceptions (notably Bond, Miller and Ruiters 2001:4–5), generally presented the history of labour in the region in this period as a set of discrete national labour histories for Namibia (South West Africa… 

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