The First Enantiornithine Bird from the Upper Cretaceous of China

  title={The First Enantiornithine Bird from the Upper Cretaceous of China},
  author={Min Na Wang and Zhonghe Zhou and Guanghui Xu},
ABSTRACT. A new Late Cretaceous avian taxon, Parvavis chuxiongensis, gen. et sp. nov., is reported here based on an incomplete skeleton from Upper Cretaceous lake deposits in Yunnan Province, southern China. A phylogenetic analysis of 32 taxa and 242 morphological characters resulted in three most parsimonious trees, the strict consensus tree of which places Parvavis chuxiongensis within Enantiornithes. Histological study shows that the bones of Parvavis were composed of parallelfibered bone… Expand
A Morphological Study of the First Known Piscivorous Enantiornithine Bird from the Early Cretaceous of China
It is shown that this fish-eating enantiornithine bird from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Liaoning Province, northeastern China represents a new taxon, Piscivorenantiornis inusitatus, gen. et sp. Expand
A new, remarkably preserved, enantiornithine bird from the Upper Cretaceous Qiupa Formation of Henan (central China) and convergent evolution between enantiornithines and modern birds
Abstract A new enantiornithine bird is described on the basis of a well preserved partial skeleton from the Upper Cretaceous Qiupa Formation of Henan Province (central China). It provides newExpand
A new small enantiornithine bird from the Jehol Biota, with implications for early evolution of avian skull morphology
The results indicate that the quadratojugal is an inverted L-shaped element, morphologically similar to that of more basal birds Archaeopteryx bavarica, Jeholornis prima, Confuciusornis sanctus and Sapeornis chaoyangensis, contributing to the refinement of the cranial kinesis in early birds. Expand
The most complete enantiornithine from North America and a phylogenetic analysis of the Avisauridae
The first cladistic analysis to include all purported avisuarid enantiornithines is conducted, demonstrating Avisaurus to be paraphyletic and recovering an Avisauridae consisting of a dichotomy between North and South American taxa. Expand
A New Robust Enantiornithine Bird from the Lower Cretaceous of China with Scansorial Adaptations
ABSTRACT We describe a new enantiornithine bird, Fortunguavis xiaotaizicus, gen. et sp. nov, from the Lower Cretaceous lacustrine deposits of the Jiufotang Formation in northeastern China. The newExpand
A new diverse enantiornithine family (Bohaiornithidae fam. nov.) from the Lower Cretaceous of China with information from two new species
Two new enantiornithine birds,Parabohaiornis martini gen. et sp. nov.,and Longusunguis kurochkini gen. et sp. nov.,are reported here based on three nearly complete skeletons from the Lower CretaceousExpand
A new advanced ornithuromorph bird from Inner Mongolia documents the northernmost geographic distribution of the Jehol paleornithofauna in China
ABSTRACT We describe a new taxon of advanced ornithuromorph bird, Khinganornis hulunbuirensis gen. et sp. nov., from the previously unreported Pigeon Hill locality of the Lower Cretaceous LongjiangExpand
A new adult specimen of the basalmost ornithuromorph bird Archaeorhynchus spathula (Aves: Ornithuromorpha) and its implications for early avian ontogeny
Most living birds characteristically grow rapidly and reach adult size within a year. Nevertheless, little is known about how such an advanced developmental strategy evolved despite many discoveriesExpand
A new adult specimen of the basalmost ornithuromorph bird Archaeorhynchus spathula (Aves: Ornithuromorpha) and its implications for early avian ontogeny
Histological analysis of a new adult specimen of Archaeorhynchus spathula reveals that the cortex is composed of parallel-fibred bone with three lines of arrested growth, indicative of slow and annually interrupted growth for this taxon, suggesting protracted slow growth in the common ancestor of Ornithuromorpha and Enantiornithes. Expand
Second species of enantiornithine bird from the Lower Cretaceous Changma Basin, northwestern China with implications for the taxonomic diversity of the Changma avifauna
We report on a new enantiornithine bird, Dunhuangia cuii, gen. et sp. nov., from the Lower Cretaceous Xiagou Formation of the Changma Basin, northwestern China. Although the material is incomplete,Expand


A partial skeleton of an enantiornithine bird from the Early Cretaceous of Northwestern China
Although recent discoveries from Lower Cretaceous sediments in northeastern China have greatly improved our understanding of the initial stages of avian diversification in eastern Asia, the earlyExpand
A new Enantiornithine bird from the Late Cretaceous of the Gobi desert
The combination of phylogeny and functional interpretation suggests that this new fossil bird is a representative of a flightless lineage, providing the first evidence of a trend towards more limited flying capabilities among Enantiornithes, a group of Cretaceous birds otherwise believed to be represented by competent fliers. Expand
A new fossil bird from the Early Cretaceous of Gansu Province, northwestern China
We report on the discovery of an Early Cretaceous bird from northwestern Gansu Province, in northwestern China. Represented by a nearly complete left wing and shoulder girdle the size of a rock dove,Expand
A new, three-dimensionally preserved enantiornithine bird (Aves: Ornithothoraces) from Gansu Province, north-western China
The exceptional, three-dimensional preservation of these specimens (compared to the crushed, nearly two-dimensional condition of most other Early Cretaceous avian fossils) reveals new information regarding enantiornithine anatomy, evolution, and diversity. Expand
Abstract A new Early Cretaceous enantiornithine bird, Eocathayornis walkeri, gen. et sp. nov. is reported from Liaoning, northeast China. It is about the size of Cathayornis but is more primitive.Expand
Large euenantiornithine birds from the Cretaceous of southern France, North America and Argentina
Abstract We review historical approaches to the systematics of Enantiornithes, the dominant birds of the second half of the Mesozoic, and describe the forelimb remains of a new CretaceousExpand
Anatomy of the Early Cretaceous Bird Rapaxavis Pani, A New Species From Liaoning Province, China
A comparison of the proportions of the pedal phalanges of Rapaxavis to modern birds shows the longirostrine enantiornithean taxon to be highly adapted to a grasping, arboreal lifestyle. Expand
Anatomy of the Early Cretaceous Enantiornithine Bird Rapaxavis pani
The holotype and only known specimen of Rapaxavis pani is redescribed here after more extensive preparation and reveals important information for better understanding the anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of longipterygids, in particular, as well as basal birds as a whole. Expand
Juvenile Birds from the Early Cretaceous of China: Implications for Enantiornithine Ontogeny
The skeletal morphology of three nearly complete early juvenile avians from the renowned Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Liaoning Province in northeastern China are reported on, suggesting that fledging occurred very early in ontogeny, thus supporting a precocial or highly precocial strategy for enantiornithine hatchlings. Expand
Discovery of an ornithurine bird and its implication for Early Cretaceous avian radiation.
  • Zhonghe Zhou, Fucheng Zhang
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
An ornithurine bird, Hongshanornis longicresta gen. et sp. nov., represented by a nearly complete and articulated skeleton in full plumage, has been recovered from the lacustrine deposits of theExpand