The First 110 Years of Laboratory Automation

@article{Olsen2012TheF1,
  title={The First 110 Years of Laboratory Automation},
  author={Kevin K. Olsen},
  journal={Journal of Laboratory Automation},
  year={2012},
  volume={17},
  pages={469 - 480}
}
  • Kevin K. Olsen
  • Published 2012
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Journal of Laboratory Automation
Prior to the widespread availability of electronic components after the Second World War, laboratory automation was constructed by end users and designed for specific tasks, mostly filtration, percolation, and washing operations. The earliest mention of automation in the chemical literature of the United States was in 1875, announcing a device to wash filtrates unattended. In the years that followed, a small number of commercial automated devices were sold, including large grinders for the… Expand
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