The Feeding of the five Hundred Thousand: Cities and Agriculture in Early Islamic Mesopotamia

  title={The Feeding of the five Hundred Thousand: Cities and Agriculture in Early Islamic Mesopotamia},
  author={Hugh Kennedy},
  pages={177 - 199}
This paper discusses the impact of the foundation of major cities in Mesopotamia in the early Islamic period (c. 636-900 CE) and their impact on the agricultural economy and rural settlement in the area. It considers the potential agricultural productivity of the area, the availability of river transport, the fiscal structure of the early Islamic state and the way in which it created demand for foodstuffs, and the development of the qaṭīca as a form of landholding which provided security of… 
Early Islamic irrigated farmsteads and the spread of qanats in Eurasia
This paper addresses the diffusion of agricultural and irrigation technologies into the steppe regions of the Middle East during the Early Islamic period (seventh to eleventh centuries CE), focusing
An Early Islamic Inter-Settlement Agroecosystem in the Coastal Sand of the Yavneh Dunefield, Israel
ABSTRACT This study examines the remains of an agricultural complex found in the Yavneh coastal dunefield, central Israel. Known as a plot-and-berm agroecosystem, the complex consisted of earthworks
Imperial irrigated landscapes in the Balikh Valley
This research presents the results of an interdisciplinary study which examined how increased adoption of water management technologies from the Hellenistic–Early Islamic period transformed the
Direct Sea Trade Between Early Islamic Iraq and Tang China: from the Exchange of Goods to the Transmission of Ideas
  • Alain George
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • 2015
Abstract This article is a historical study of maritime trade between Tang China and early Islamic Iraq, in the seventh to tenth centuries. While the existence, in this period, of merchant
The Rise of a Capital: Al-Fusṭāṭ And Its Hinterland, 18/639-132/750
In The Rise of a Capital , Jelle Bruning maps the development of the Muslim garrison town al-Fusṭāṭ (near modern Cairo, Egypt) into a provincial capital from its foundation in c. 640 C.E. to 750.
The Long Shadow ofSasanian Christianity: The Limits of Iraqi Islamization in the Abbasid Period
The Islamic conquest of the Sasanian Empire inaugurated, among many other transformations, the progressive Islamization of the region. The pace and mechanisms of this transformation remain poorly
The Erbil Plain Archaeological Survey (EPAS) investigates settlement and land use from the Neolithic to the present in the Erbil Governorate of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, which includes a large
The Monastic Landscape of Adiabene in the First Centuries of Islam
The article considers the archaeological and literary evidence for Christian populations in provinceof Hadyab (Adiabene) in northern Iraq in the 5th to 9th centuries AD. We argue that there was a
The Middle Euphrates and Its Transformation from the Third to the Seventh Centuries: The Case of Dibsi Faraj
Abstract:Dibsi Faraj is a fortified citadel situated on the middle reaches of the Euphrates River in modern Syria which was occupied until the ninth century, when it was abandoned and then reoccupied
“He who revives dead land”: groundwater harvesting agroecosystems in sand along the southeastern Mediterranean coast since early medieval times
During the Early Islamic period, groundwater-harvesting agroecosystems in sand appeared along the southeastern Mediterranean coast in the form of plot and berm (P&B) agroecosystems. P&B


Military pay and the economy of the early Islamic state
This article examines the system of military payment in the early Islamic state (c. 650–900 A.D.) and its effect on the economy. It is argued that early Islamic armies were paid in cash salaries,
Texts, documents, and artefacts : Islamic studies in honour of D.S. Richards
The volume brings together 17 articles by leading Islamicists and Arabists, on a variety of topics in Medieval and Early Modern times, including the Qur'an, Shi'ism, bbasid historiography, the
The Names of Estates in State Registers before and after the Arabization of the Dīwāns
This chapter sheds light on how exactly the bureaucrats of the financial bureaus wrote down the names of the estates in the financial registers of the government before the Arabization of the dīwāns
The revolt of African slaves in Iraq in the 3rd/9th century
The Revolt of African Slaves in Iraq in the III/IX Century is the only full-length study on the revolt o f the Zanj. Scholars of slavery, the African diaspora and th e Middle East have lauded
The Excavations at Madīnat al-Fār/Ḥiṣn Maslama on the Balikh Road
  • History
    Muslim Military Architecture in Greater Syria
  • 2006
Agricultural Landscapes of the Near East
  • 2003
Caliphs and their chroniclers in the middle Abbasid period" in Texts, Documents and Artefacts: Islamic Studies in Honour of D
  • 2003
Haras (Cairo, 1975); trans.: I. A. K. Nyazee, The Book of Revenue
  • 2002