The Fear of an Apocalyptic Year 1000: Augustinian Historiography, Medieval and Modern

@article{Landes2000TheFO,
  title={The Fear of an Apocalyptic Year 1000: Augustinian Historiography, Medieval and Modern},
  author={Richard Landes},
  journal={Speculum},
  year={2000},
  volume={75},
  pages={97 - 145}
}
  • R. Landes
  • Published 1 January 2000
  • History
  • Speculum
Malgre les progres de la recherche historique depuis 1900, des medievistes continuent de soutenir l'idee que le passage a l'an 1000 n'a souleve aucune attente apocalyptique. Le but de cet article est de reconsiderer le probleme dans la perspective d'une interpretation plus sophistiquee du phenomene rendue possible par deux generations d'erudits millenaristes. L'A. propose d'abord des definitions, puis examine plusieurs courants opposes dans le christianisme des alentours de l'an 1000 qui… 

Supersession and Conversion: The Adversus Judaeos Liturgical Dramas of Saint-Martial de Limoges

abstract:The adversus Judaeos tropes deeply embedded in the Saint-Martial de Limoges liturgical dramas in BN lat.1139 recommend radical ways of rethinking the organizing concepts that might inform

Heretics and Jews in the Writings of Ademar of Chabannes and the Origins of Medieval Anti-Semitism

Although many scholars now recognize the turn of the millennium as the key point in the development of medieval civilization and the birth of Europe, there remains a tendency to look to the twelfth

The ‘Terrors of the Year 1900’: The eleventh century and a debate about the meaning of modernity

The genesis of the ‘Terrors of the Year 1000’ argument can with some certainty be dated to the 1820s and 1830s when the passions of the July Monarchy shaped the understandings of a generation of

"Synagoga conversa": Honorius Augustodunensis, the Song of Songs, and Christianity's "Eschatological Jew"

The twelfth century, as medievalists well know, brought European interest in Jews and Judaism to an unprecedented high. The anti-Jewish violence that had accom panied the First Crusade in 1096, the

Exegesis, Empire and Eschatology: Reading Orosius’ Histories Against the Pagans in the Carolingian World

This essay seeks to uncover nuggets of eschatological thought in three Carolingian commentaries on the Gospel of Matthew. It does so by examining the different ways that Hrabanus Maurus, Paschasius

The Antichrist: A New Biography

The malign figure of the Antichrist endures in modern culture, whether religious or secular; and the spectral shadow he has cast over the ages continues to exert a strong and powerful fascination.

Saint Gerard of Cenad and the Intellectual Disputes of the Year 1000

This paper aims to situate St. Gerard of Cenad’s position in apocalyptic millenarianism as differentia specifica in genus proximum of the doctrinal position of the Church, subscribing to the thesis

Time and identity in Stephen of Rouen's Draco Normannicus

The Draco Normannicus, written by Stephen of Rouen, a monk of Bec, in 1167–9, recounts the history of the Normans from mythic origins to 1169 using an idiosyncratic style and structure that works to

Demonology at a Crossroads: The Visions of Ermine de Reims and the Image of the Devil on the Eve of the Great European Witch-Hunt

From November 1, 1395, until August 25, 1396, Ermine de Reims, a peasant widow from Northern France, was systematically beaten and tortured by the devil almost every night. This is at least what the

History, Frankish identity and the framing of Western ethnicity, 550-850

Introduction Part I. Communities of the Middle Ground in Sixth-Century Gaul: 1. Gregory of Tours and his genealogy of pastoral power in late antique Gaul 2. Virtutes sanctorum et strages gentium:

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES

St. Adelard and the Return of the Saturnia regna. A Note on the Transformation of a Hagiographical Tradition

Entre 1051 et 1055, un moine de l'abbaye de Corbie revisa la Vita S. Adelardi ecrite par Paschase Radbert (BHL 58); on lui doit une nouvelle Vie (BHL 60) et un recueil de Miracles (BHL 61) du saint.

The birth of popular heresy : A millennial phenomenon?

This paper provides a reassessment of historical debates about the nature of popular movements in and around the year 1000, with particular reference to the work of Richard Landes and Dominique

Reaction and Reform: Reception of Heresy in Arras and Aquitaine in the Early Eleventh Century

MICHAEL FRASSETTO* In the first decades of the eleventh century, chroniclers throughout Western Christendom took note of the sudden and dramatic resurgence of religious dissent around them.' Although

Ademar of Chabannes, Millennial Fears and the Development of Western Anti-Judaism

  • D. Callahan
  • History
    The Journal of Ecclesiastical History
  • 1995
At Rouen on a certain day, the people who had undertaken to go on that expedition [that is, the First Crusade] under the badge of the cross began to complain to one another, ‘After traversing great

Note also that this passage and the equally apocalyptic one on the year 1033 happen to be part of the two lost segments of the autograph manuscript (France, pp. lxxxiilxxxvi)

    History, Historians and the Peace of God," in The Peace of God, p. 28), an image taken up by Janet Nelson to criticize my suggestion that the Peace had a significant chiliastic dimension

    • the Middle Ages
    • 1957

    1993); for studies on the transformations of literacy, see Brian Stock

    • For the most recent articulation of the thesis that the strikingly creative and aggressive culture of the later tenth and eleventh centuries is the beginning of European culture as we know it today
    • 1978

    MGH SS 3:177; probably Glaber, Quinque libri 3.3.9; and Chronicon Venetum, MGH SS 7:36. It was spotted around the world (see Bernard Goldstein

    • May of 1006 a "new star" was sighted in the heavens; at the same time a chaplain of the emperor converted to Judaism
    • 1965

    Ces excessives miseres briserent les coeurs [des guerriers] et leur rendirent un peu de douceur et de pitie. Ils mirent le glaive dans le fourreau, tremblants eux-memes sous le glaive de Dieu

    • Compare

    Between 1012 and 1014 various prodigies and natural disasters provoked the expulsion of the Jews from Mainz and led some to believe that the world was "returning to its original chaos

    • The Massacres of 1010: On the Origins of Popular Anti-Jewish Violence in Western Europe
    • 1997