The Fear of an Apocalyptic Year 1000: Augustinian Historiography, Medieval and Modern

  title={The Fear of an Apocalyptic Year 1000: Augustinian Historiography, Medieval and Modern},
  author={Richard Landes},
  pages={97 - 145}
  • R. Landes
  • Published 1 January 2000
  • History
  • Speculum
Malgre les progres de la recherche historique depuis 1900, des medievistes continuent de soutenir l'idee que le passage a l'an 1000 n'a souleve aucune attente apocalyptique. Le but de cet article est de reconsiderer le probleme dans la perspective d'une interpretation plus sophistiquee du phenomene rendue possible par deux generations d'erudits millenaristes. L'A. propose d'abord des definitions, puis examine plusieurs courants opposes dans le christianisme des alentours de l'an 1000 qui… 

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  • D. Callahan
  • History
    The Journal of Ecclesiastical History
  • 1995
At Rouen on a certain day, the people who had undertaken to go on that expedition [that is, the First Crusade] under the badge of the cross began to complain to one another, ‘After traversing great

Note also that this passage and the equally apocalyptic one on the year 1033 happen to be part of the two lost segments of the autograph manuscript (France, pp. lxxxiilxxxvi)

    History, Historians and the Peace of God," in The Peace of God, p. 28), an image taken up by Janet Nelson to criticize my suggestion that the Peace had a significant chiliastic dimension

    • the Middle Ages
    • 1957

    1993); for studies on the transformations of literacy, see Brian Stock

    • For the most recent articulation of the thesis that the strikingly creative and aggressive culture of the later tenth and eleventh centuries is the beginning of European culture as we know it today
    • 1978

    MGH SS 3:177; probably Glaber, Quinque libri 3.3.9; and Chronicon Venetum, MGH SS 7:36. It was spotted around the world (see Bernard Goldstein

    • May of 1006 a "new star" was sighted in the heavens; at the same time a chaplain of the emperor converted to Judaism
    • 1965

    Ces excessives miseres briserent les coeurs [des guerriers] et leur rendirent un peu de douceur et de pitie. Ils mirent le glaive dans le fourreau, tremblants eux-memes sous le glaive de Dieu

    • Compare

    Between 1012 and 1014 various prodigies and natural disasters provoked the expulsion of the Jews from Mainz and led some to believe that the world was "returning to its original chaos

    • The Massacres of 1010: On the Origins of Popular Anti-Jewish Violence in Western Europe
    • 1997