The Fall of Litvinov: Harbinger of the German-Soviet Non-aggression Pact

  title={The Fall of Litvinov: Harbinger of the German-Soviet Non-aggression Pact},
  author={Albert Resis},
  journal={Europe-Asia Studies},
  pages={33 - 56}
  • Albert Resis
  • Published 2000
  • Economics
  • Europe-Asia Studies
  • HISTORIANS HAVE LONG SPECULATED on the reasons for Stalin's dismissal of Maxim Litvinov as Commissar for Foreign Affairs on 3 May 1939, and the connection it had, if any, with Stalin's subsequent rapprochement with Hitler. The consensus holds that the removal of Litvinov, the paladin of collective security, and his replacement by Molotov, were prompted by a policy difference, the rejection by Stalin and Molotov of Litvinov's orientation to the West. Thus 3 May steered the Soviet Union toward… CONTINUE READING
    13 Citations


    23 Litvinov told the Polpredy for their information that the USSR would not sign the declaration unless Poland signed. He had not informed Seeds of this
    • 2001
    72 Merekalov reported WeizsaÈ cker as having said
      Bonnet' s account of this conversation says nothing about a willingness on his part to sign a tripartite declaration with Britain and the USSR but without Poland
      • 2001
      Chamberlain and Appeasement, pp. 224±226. The central issue, Chamberlain observed
      • was how the Soviet counteroffer might be most diplomatically rejected
      Communique ' , pp. 35±36; Halifax: Maisky' s`ingenuity in the formulation and examination of hypothetical problems is unrivaled
      • Documents and Records (SPE), Two Parts
      DBFP , V, no. 316. 77`C ommunication du De partment aÁ l' Ambassade d
      • SPE
      Daladier had assured Surits that the declaration covered not just Romania but any case of aggression (Surits to NKID
      • DVP, XXII
      Evidently Litvinov still envisaged the possibility of separate bilateral mutual defence pacts with Britain and France respectively
        Foreign Relations of The United States: The Soviet Union
        • Series D, IV (Washington DC, 1951), nos 476 and 477. Telegrams, ChargeÂKirk to Secretary of State
        Gk, I, no. 197. 19 Litvinov to Stalin
        • Halifax to Seeds, 17 March, Documents on British Foreign Policy (DB FP), 3d Series, 1938±39. vol. IV