The Fall and Rise of Torture: A Comparative and Historical Analysis*

@article{Einolf2007TheFA,
  title={The Fall and Rise of Torture: A Comparative and Historical Analysis*},
  author={Christopher J. Einolf},
  journal={Sociological Theory},
  year={2007},
  volume={25},
  pages={101 - 121}
}
Torture was formally abolished by European governments in the 19th century, and the actual practice of torture decreased as well during that period. In the 20th century, however torture became much more common. None of the theories that explain the reduction of torture in the 19th century can explain its resurgence in the 20th. This article argues that the use of torture follows the same patterns in contemporary times as it has in earlier historical periods. Torture is most commonly used… 
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