The Fall and Rise of Torture: A Comparative and Historical Analysis*

  title={The Fall and Rise of Torture: A Comparative and Historical Analysis*},
  author={Christopher J. Einolf},
  journal={Sociological Theory},
  pages={101 - 121}
Torture was formally abolished by European governments in the 19th century, and the actual practice of torture decreased as well during that period. In the 20th century, however torture became much more common. None of the theories that explain the reduction of torture in the 19th century can explain its resurgence in the 20th. This article argues that the use of torture follows the same patterns in contemporary times as it has in earlier historical periods. Torture is most commonly used… 
Violence, Communication and Imagination
This contribution examines the practice of torture from a comparative perspective and with regard to its communicative realization in public and related social imaginaries. Nowadays, at the beginning
What Stops the Torture
States whose agents engage in torture in a given year have a 93% chance of continuing to torture in the following year. What leads governments to stop the use of torture? We focus on the
Torture and Origen's hermeneutics of nonviolence.
  • Paul R. Kolbet
  • Political Science
    Journal of the American Academy of Religion. American Academy of Religion
  • 2008
Analyzes the hermeneutical exercises constructed by the influential third century Christian intellectual, Origen of Alexandria, to prepare himself and others for torture and martyrdom and provides resources for a particularly religious mode of resistance to torture.
The practice of torture by the French army during the Algerian war of independence (1954-1962): the enforcement of justice and reparation
The Bachelor’s Degree Dissertation The Practice of Torture by the French Army during the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962): The enforcement of Justice and Reparation preeminent objective is to
Torture and coercive interrogation: A critical discussion
This thesis aims to explore why torture, deemed illegitimate by the Western world for more than a century, has resurfaced as a topic of debate, and persists despite its formal prohibition. It also
Torture and Social Modernization
Torture is (almost) universally condemned as barbaric and ineffective, yet it persists in the modern world. What factors influence levels of support for torture? One cluster of explanations focuses
Torture and Lived Religion: Practices of Resistance
In December 2015, a US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence report exposed the centrality of torture to the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program established after the 11 September 2011
The Puzzle of Abu Ghraib: Are Democratic Institutions a Palliative or Panacea?
The events of Abu Ghraib exposed politicians, journalists, military and law enforcement personnel, NGOs, activists and ordinary citizens to the potential brutality of state repression. Many were left
Police Torture in China and its Causes: A Review of Literature
This study reviews a selection of research articles on police torture in China, published in Chinese language academic journals between 1994 and 2008 as well as recent literature on Chinese policing


Torture and the Law of Proof: Europe and England in the Ancien Régime
In "Torture and the Law of Proof "John H. Langbein explores the world of the thumbscrew and the rack, engines of torture authorized for investigating crime in European legal systems from medieval
Torture and Truth in Renaissance England
It was Myagh's misfortune to find himself suspected of complicity in Irish rebellion during the relatively short period, roughly the last half of the sixteenth century, when English authorities
Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran (review)
with the 241 smaller pages of text and additional ninety of appendices and drafts of A World Made New. Morsink’s chapters focus on themes: colonies, minorities and women’s rights; privacy and
Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran
The role of torture in recent Iranian politics is the subject of Ervand Abrahamian's important and disturbing book. Although Iran officially banned torture in the early twentieth century, Abrahamian
Rituals of the modern state: The case of torture in Argentina
There should be a study on terror but not to denounce its frightfulness, for that has been done enough with both good and a bad conscience. Rather, its usefulness in certain social situations should
Torture and truth : America, Abu Ghraib, and the war on terror
In the spring of 2004, graphic photographs of Iraqi prisoners being tortured by American soldiers in Baghdad's Abu Ghraib prison flashed around the world, provoking outraged debate. Did they depict
Behind the Disappearances: Argentina's Dirty War Against Human Rights and the United Nations.
misuse or abuse of power. Zovatto stresses the attention paid by the Court to the interpretation of Article 27 of the American Convention. The book is not overly optimistic. Zovatto is aware that,
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
This writer who has warned us of the “ideological” function of both the oeuvre and the author as unquestioned forms of discursive organization has gone quite far in constituting for both these
Three faces of cruelty: Towards a comparative sociology of violence
ConclusionIn our contemporary society, ferocious cruelty is no longer structurally induced; it is no longer part of the dominant ceremonial order, although we still find individual cases. In this
Respect for Human Rights after the End of the Cold War
By directly affecting democratization, globalization, domestic conflict, and interstate conflict, the end of the Cold War was hypothesized to exert an indirect effect on the propensity of governments