The Failed Bidirectional Glenn Shunt: Risk Factors for Poor Outcomes and the Role of Early Reoperation

@article{Greenberg2021TheFB,
  title={The Failed Bidirectional Glenn Shunt: Risk Factors for Poor Outcomes and the Role of Early Reoperation},
  author={Jason W. Greenberg and Chase M. Pribble and Aashray Singareddy and Ngoc-Anh L. Ta and Anne M. Sescleifer and Andrew C. Fiore and Charles B. Huddleston},
  journal={World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery},
  year={2021},
  volume={12},
  pages={760 - 764}
}
Background: Bidirectional Glenn shunt (BDG) failure carries high morbidity and mortality but the clinical factors associated with failure and the optimal management strategy are understudied. Methods: A total of 217 patients undergoing BDG at our institution between 1989 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed and categorized as success or failure. Failure was defined as the need for reoperation (BDG takedown, reoperation for correction of cardiac defect, and/or transplantation) at any time… 
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