The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire.

@article{Heatherton1991TheFT,
  title={The Fagerstr{\"o}m Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerstr{\"o}m Tolerance Questionnaire.},
  author={Todd F. Heatherton and Lynn T. Kozlowski and Richard C. Frecker and Karl Olov Fagerstr{\"o}m},
  journal={British journal of addiction},
  year={1991},
  volume={86 9},
  pages={
          1119-27
        }
}
We examine and refine the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ: Fagerström, 1978). [] Key Method The relation between each FTQ item and biochemical measures of heaviness of smoking was examined in 254 smokers. We found that the nicotine rating item and the inhalation item were unrelated to any of our biochemical measures and these two items were primary contributors to psychometric deficiencies in the FTQ. We also found that a revised scoring of time to the first cigarette of the day (TTF) and number of…
Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fagerström test for nicotine dependence.
TLDR
This study found that using a total score as an estimate of nicotine dependence may limit the assessment of specific smoking dependency and tailoring intervention approaches.
Psychometric Properties of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence in a Sample of Mexican Smokers
TLDR
Although the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence showed an adequate construct validity, the results suggest that its convergent and predictive validity is limited; therefore, it might not be suitable for the Mexican population.
Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence: reliability in a Turkish sample and factor analysis.
TLDR
The Turkish version of FTND may become a measuring tool in the assessment of smoking cessation programs, however, question 3 must be used attentively and preferably an explanation should be made to enable a clear understanding of the question to the Turkish smokers as they take the test.
What Aspect of Dependence Does the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence Measure?
TLDR
The FTND and its six items, including the HSI, consistently showed the strongest correlations with withdrawal, suggesting that the behaviors described by the items of the FTND are primarily indicative of a difficulty maintaining abstinence because of withdrawal symptoms.
An Evaluation of the Italian Version of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence
This study examined the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence in a sample of 593 smokers who were enrolled in a randomized Phase IV clinical
A study of the psychometric and predictive properties of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence in a population of young smokers.
TLDR
The Smoking Pattern factor proved to have adequate internal consistency, impressive criterion-related validity, and was strongly related to smoking cessation 1 year following BMT, while the Morning Smoking factor demonstrated questionable psychometric properties and was not supported by a confirmatory factor analysis.
The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence in a Spanish Sample
TLDR
The applicability of the Spanish version of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence as well as its relationship to sex, age, and consumption of cigarettes, in a representative sample of smokers from Galicia, Spain is examined.
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