The Faces of Positive Emotion

  title={The Faces of Positive Emotion},
  author={Michelle N. Shiota and Belinda Campos and Dacher Keltner},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
Although several theorists posit the existence of multiple discrete positive emotion states,1–4 much empirical research on the nature and consequences of emotion considers only one: happiness.5–8 Studies of the facial display of emotion have documented universally recognized expressions of sadness, anger, fear, and other negative emotions, but have not differentiated among positive emotions.6 The Duchenne smile, which includes contraction of the orbicularis oculi as well as the zygomaticus… 
More Than Happy
Despite great advances in scientific understanding of emotional processes in the last decades, research into the communication of emotions has been constrained by a strong bias toward negative
Subtly Different Positive Emotions Can Be Distinguished by Their Facial Expressions
Positive emotions are crucial to social relationships and social interaction. Although smiling is a frequently studied facial action, investigations of positive emotional expressions are
Mapping Emotions to Expressions
This review provides an overview of the research on nonverbal expressions of positive emotions, organised into emotion families, that is, clusters sharing common characteristics. Epistemological
The nonverbal communication of emotions
The evolution of human emotion
Bodily Communication of Emotion: Evidence for Extrafacial Behavioral Expressions and Available Coding Systems
Although scientists dating back to Darwin have noted the importance of the body in communicating emotion, current research on emotion communication tends to emphasize the face. In this article we
Mapping the Passions: Toward a High-Dimensional Taxonomy of Emotional Experience and Expression
Why tests of a basic-six model of emotion are not tests of the diagnostic value of facial expression more generally are discussed, and an alternative conceptual and methodological approach is offered that reveals a richer taxonomy of emotion.
Do People Agree on How Positive Emotions are Expressed? A Survey of Four Emotions and Five Modalities across 11 Cultures
While much is known about how negative emotions are expressed in different modalities, our understanding of the nonverbal expressions of positive emotions remains limited. In the present research, we
Coherent with laughter: subjective experience, behavior, and physiological responses during amusement and joy.


Universals and cultural differences in the judgments of facial expressions of emotion.
Evidence of cross-cultural agreement in the judgement of facial expression is presented, with agreement very high across cultures about which emotion was the most intense and about the relative intensity among expressions of the same emotion.
What Good Are Positive Emotions?
  • B. Fredrickson
  • Psychology
    Review of general psychology : journal of Division 1, of the American Psychological Association
  • 1998
A new model is advanced to describe the form and function of a subset of positive emotions, including joy, interest, contentment, and love, that serve to broaden an individual's momentary thought–action repertoire, which in turn has the effect of building that individual's physical, intellectual, and social resources.
Handbook of Emotions
Part 1. Interdisciplinary Foundations. R.C. Solomon, The Philosophy of Emotions. P.N. Stearns, History of Emotions: Issues of Change and Impact. J.E. Stets, J.H. Turner, The Sociology of Emotions. J.
An influence of positive affect on social categorization
This study investigated the influence of positive affect on social categorization. Subjects in whom positive affect had been induced, and control subjects, were asked to indicate the degree to which
Empathy: a physiological substrate.
The relation between empathy (defined as the ability to perceive accurately how another person is feeling) and physiology was studied in 31 Ss and accuracy of rating negative emotion was greatest when S and target evidenced high levels of physiological linkage across time.
Teasing in hierarchical and intimate relations.
Findings indicate that disagreeable individuals teased in less prosocial ways, consistent with studies of bullying, and female and male romantic partners teased each other in similar ways, which found being the target of teasing more aversive.
Emotion and Adaptation
Part I: BACKGROUND: About emotion Issues of research, classification and measurements Part II: THE COGNITIVE-MOTIVATIONAL-RELATIONAL THEORY: The person-environment relationship: motivation and coping
Emotion and autonomic nervous system activity in the Minangkabau of west Sumatra.
Findings provide the first evidence that patterns of emotion-specific ANS activity and the capacity of voluntary facial action to generate this activity are not unique to American culture.
Different Types of Smiles and Laughter in Preschool Children
The pattern of correlation found between expressive behaviors and both teacher's and peers' evaluations gives further support to the interpretation that smiling is an heterogeneous category.