The Face of China: Photography's Role in Shaping Image, 1860—1920

  title={The Face of China: Photography's Role in Shaping Image, 1860—1920},
  author={Sarah Elizabeth Fraser},
  journal={Getty Research Journal},
  pages={39 - 52}
  • S. E. Fraser
  • Published 1 January 2010
  • History
  • Getty Research Journal
After the Opium and Arrow Wars, European, Japanese, and American governments nego tiated unequal concessions from the Qing imperial court. Companies and individuals established residential and commercial bases along the coast from Hong Kong to the Korean peninsula and Manchuria, creating a semicolonial environment that was inten sified by clashes with foreign troops. In these spheres, commercial and military, pho tography greatly facilitated the construction of identities. This essay is… 
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The Clash of Empires: The Invention of China in Modern World Making
The Clash of Empires: The Invention of China in Modern World Making, by Lydia H. Liu. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006. xvi + 318 pp. US$17.95 (paperback). Lydia Liu begins The Clash of
The Fraser The Face of China 51 ranoiogicai empire: harly Photography in China/ History of Photography
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PhD diss., Columbia University, 2004. 20. wiinam scnaerer
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Ethnographical Photographs in India 1850-1900
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A Study of Chinese Faces, stereograph, ca. 1860-ca
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Also see James Ricalton's Horrors of War-Dead Chinese Floating in the Pei-ho
  • 1901
Also see James Ricalton's Photographs of China during the Boxer Rebellion, His Illustrated Travelogue 0/1900
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1837-1919) produced series that surveyed types ot people, similar to Saun iers's series, in circa 1868 and 1873
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