The Extinct Wake Island Rail Gallirallus wakensis: A Comprehensive Species Account Based on Museum Specimens and Archival Records

  title={The Extinct Wake Island Rail Gallirallus wakensis: A Comprehensive Species Account Based on Museum Specimens and Archival Records},
  author={S. Olson and M. Rauzon},
Abstract A review of all available specimens and the discovery of many unpublished life history notes allows a much more complete picture of the morphology and behavior of the extinct Wake Island Rail (Gallirallus wakensis). The breeding season of the species may have been environmentally influenced but, under favorable conditions, there may have been two broods per year. Small groups of birds engaged in cooperative nesting and prolonged parental care and feeding of the young, probably in part… Expand
Speciation of Flightless Rails on Islands: A DNA-Based Phylogeny of the Typical Rails of the Pacific
A locally calibrated relaxed molecular clock indicates that species from Oceania evolved only within the last 400,000 years, supporting the hypothesis that speciation proceeds rapidly in flightless rails and resolving a long-standing taxonomic quagmire. Expand
Age-related differences in diet and foraging behavior of the critically endangered Mariana Crow (Corvus kubaryi), with notes on the predation of Coenobita hermit crabs
The results highlight age-related differences in foraging behavior among fledglings, sub-adults and adults and suggest that complex trophic interactions between non-native snails and Coenobita hermit crabs may have modified Mariana Crow foragingbehavior, increasing their vulnerability to feral cat predation. Expand
Evidence of habitat associations and distribution patterns of rockfish in Puget Sound from archival data (1974-1977)
Evidence of habitat associations and distribution patterns of rockfish in Puget Sound from archival data (1974-1977) Hilary F. Browning Chair of Supervisory Committee: Associate Professor TerrieExpand
Simultaneous Wing Molt as a Catalyst for the Evolution of Flightlessness in Birds
  • R. Terrill
  • Medicine, Biology
  • The American Naturalist
  • 2020
An elevated rate of loss of flight in lineages with simultaneous wing molt is found, which may indicate that birds with simultaneous molt are more prepared to adjust quickly to open niches that do not require flight, such as terrestrial niches on island habitats. Expand
Evolutionary Interactions of Feather Molt in Birds
This document summarizes current capabilities, research and operational priorities, and plans for further studies that were established at the 2015 USGS workshop on quantitative hazard assessments of earthquake-triggered landsliding and liquefaction. Expand


Two New Species of Rails (Aves: Rallidae) from Mangaia , Southern Cook Islands
Two species of rails, Porzana rua n. sp. and Gallirallus ripleyi n. sp., are described from bones of late Holocene age found in caves on Mangaia, southern Cook Islands. Their relatively smallExpand
New Species of Extinct Rails (Aves: Rallidae) from Archaeological Sites in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia1
Three new, extinct, flightless species of Gallirallus are described from archaeological sites on four islands in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia: G. roletti, G. gracilitibia, and G. epulare are described. Expand
Rapid, independent evolution of flightlessness in four species of Pacific Island rails (Rallidae): an analysis based on mitochondrial sequence data
Flightless rails were once ubiquitous in the avifauna of Pacific oceanic islands. Most species have become extinct since human colonization of islands began about 2000 years ago. In this study, weExpand
Extinctions and extirpations in Marshall Islands avifauna since European contact: a review of historic evidence
The Pacific Island avifauna underwent dramatic changes fol- lowing the arrival of humans on the islands making several species and genera extinct. The decline continued after the arrival of theExpand
Terrestrial Faunas and Habitats of Aldabra During the Late Pleistocene
Far from being fixed and unchanging, the islands and land areas of the western Indian Ocean are in a dynamic state; the most important variable, apart from tectonic activity, has been the rise andExpand
Restoring Vertebrate Animals in the British Virgin Islands
The following accounts provide details of efforts to restore vertebrate faunas of BVI to the closest semblance possible of their prehuman functional condition and arguments for introducing exotic species to fill vacant ecological niches even when these cannot be filled by Restoring Vertebrate Animals in the British Virgin Islands. Expand
Type Specimens of Birds In the American Museum of Natural History Part 10. Passeriformes: Emberizidae: Emberizinae, Catamblyrhynchinae, Cardinalinae, Thraupinae, and Tersininae
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Genetic tests of rapid parallel speciation of flightless birds from an extant volant ancestor
The present study provides the first test of this model of speciation using genetic data sampled throughout the range of a putative ancestral species, and indicates that G. philippensis is polyphyletic, but is not the ancestor of most of its flightless congeners, as previously thought. Expand
Geological Constraints on Evolution and Survival in Endemic Reptiles on Bermuda
Abstract Paleontological and geological evidence suggest that the distinctive endemic skink Eumeces longirostris could potentially be as old as continuously emergent land on the Bermuda seamountExpand
Classification of Rallidae
It is argued that flightlessness in rails is a neotenic condition that is evolved very rapidly, involves little genetic modification, and is without major phylogenetic significance. Expand