The Extended Specimen Network: A Strategy to Enhance US Biodiversity Collections, Promote Research and Education

@article{Lendemer2020TheES,
  title={The Extended Specimen Network: A Strategy to Enhance US Biodiversity Collections, Promote Research and Education},
  author={James C. Lendemer and Barbara M Thiers and Anna K. Monfils and Jennifer M Zaspel and Elizabeth R. Ellwood and Andrew Bentley and Katherine E. LeVan and John M Bates and David Jennings and Dori L Contreras and Laura P. Lagomarsino and Paula M. Mabee and Linda S Ford and Robert P. Guralnick and Robert E. Gropp and Marcy Revelez and Neil S Cobb and Katja C. Seltmann and M. Catherine Aime},
  journal={Bioscience},
  year={2020},
  volume={70},
  pages={23 - 30}
}
Recommended Citation Lendemer, J., Thiers, B., Monfils, A., Zaspel, J., Ellwood, E., Bentley, A., Levan, K., Bates, J., Jennings, D., Contreras, D., Lagomarsino, L., Mabee, P., Ford, L., Guralnick, R., Gropp, R., Revelez, M., Cobb, N., Seltmann, K., & Catherine Aime, M. (2020). The Extended Specimen Network: A Strategy to Enhance US Biodiversity Collections, Promote Research and Education. BioScience, 70 (1), 23-30. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/ biz140 

Figures from this paper

Specimens in a Broader Context: The National Ecological Observatory Network and the extended specimen

Community innovations in both specimen digitization (e.g., Morphbank; SlideAtlas; Inselect, Hudson et al. 2015) and data standards (e.g., the National Science Foundation initative "Advancing

Building the Digital Extended Specimen: A case study of invasive European frog-bit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.)

The Extended Specimen was first described by Webster (2017). He defined a “constellation of specimen preparations and data types,” centered around an occurrence of an organism, which captures the

speciesLink: rich data and novel tools for digital assessments of biodiversity

Abstract speciesLink is a large-scale biodiversity information portal that exists thanks to a broad collaborative network of people and institutions. CRIA’s involvement with the scientific community

Workforce Capacity Development and the Digital Extended Specimen

As we look to the future of natural history collections and a global integration of biodiversity data, we are reliant on a diverse workforce with the skills necessary to build, grow, and support the

Open Access to the Digital Biodiversity Database: A Comprehensive Functional Model of the Natural History Collections

TLDR
A new approach to data sharing called the Scientific, Educational, Public, and Practical Use (SEPP) Model is presented, which assumes full open access to the digitized collections, the structure of metadata in accordance with certain standards, and a versatile tool set for data mining or statistical and spatial analysis.

Specimen Collection and Preparation for a Changing Flora

Efforts in recent years to digitize herbarium collections (i.e., image, capture label data, and georeference) have allowed for easier access to plant specimen data, facilitating study of the dynamic

Integrating Biodiversity Infrastructure into Pathogen Discovery and Mitigation of Emerging Infectious Diseases

JOSEPH A. COOK, SATORU ARAI, BLAS ARMIÉN, JOHN BATES, CARLOS A. CARRION BONILLA, MARIA BEATRIZ DE SOUZA CORTEZ, JONATHAN L. DUNNUM, ADAM W. FERGUSON, KARL M. JOHNSON, FAISAL ALI ANWARALI KHAN,

Collections Education: The Extended Specimen and Data Acumen

Abstract Biodiversity scientists must be fluent across disciplines; they must possess the quantitative, computational, and data skills necessary for working with large, complex data sets, and they

Brazilian Flora 2020: Leveraging the power of a collaborative scientific network

The shortage of reliable primary taxonomic data limits the description of biological taxa and the understanding of biodiversity patterns and processes, complicating biogeographical, ecological, and

Highlights and Outcomes of the 2021 Global Community Consultation

International collaboration between collections, aggregators, and researchers within the biodiversity community and beyond is becoming increasingly important in our efforts to support biodiversity,
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES

Collections‐based science in the 21st Century

TLDR
To ensure the health of collections‐based science, scientists must come together and plan for the future to address big evolutionary questions.

Specimen-based analysis of morphology and the environment in ecologically dominant grasses: the power of the herbarium

TLDR
A specimen-based analysis of a major clade in the grass tribe Andropogoneae, including the dominant species of the world's grasslands in the genera AndropOGon, Schizachyrium, Hyparrhenia and several others, finds all morphological and ecological characters are homoplasious but variable among clades.

Earth BioGenome Project: Sequencing life for the future of life

TLDR
A perspective on the Earth BioGenome Project (EBP), a moonshot for biology that aims to sequence, catalog, and characterize the genomes of all of Earth’s eukaryotic biodiversity over a period of 10 years, is presented.

Connecting data and expertise: a new alliance for biodiversity knowledge

TLDR
This paper summarises the GBIC2 discussions and presents a set of 23 complementary ambitions to be addressed by the global community in the context of the proposed alliance.

The history and impact of digitization and digital data mobilization on biodiversity research

  • Gil NelsonS. Ellis
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
  • 2018
TLDR
A brief history of worldwide data mobilization, their impact on biodiversity research, challenges for ensuring data quality, their contribution to scientific publications and evidence of the rising profiles of natural history collections are provided.

Save Our Bats, Save Our Tequila: Industry and Science Join Forces to Help Bats and Agaves

TLDR
Data about the pollination biology of Agave is compiled to infer how many bats could use the available resources, if Mezcal and Tequila producers allowed 5–10% of agave crop inflorescences to flower based on a linear projection using Agave angustifolia (a sister group of A. tequilana).

Herbaria are a major frontier for species discovery

TLDR
It is suggested that, of the estimated 70,000 species still to be described, more than half already have been collected and are stored in herbaria and effort, funding, and research focus should be directed as much to examining extant herbarium material as collecting new material in the field.

Natural History Collections: Teaching about Biodiversity Across Time, Space, and Digital Platforms

Abstract Natural history collections offer unique physical and virtual opportunities for formal and informal progressive learning. Collections are unique data in that they each represent a

The notes from nature tool for unlocking biodiversity records from museum records through citizen science

Abstract Legacy data from natural history collections contain invaluable and irreplaceable information about biodiversity in the recent past, providing a baseline for detecting change and forecasting

Natural History Collections as Emerging Resources for Innovative Education

There is an emerging consensus that undergraduate biology education in the United States is at a crucial juncture, especially as we acknowledge the need to train a new generation of scientists to