The Experimental Induction of Out-of-Body Experiences

@article{Ehrsson2007TheEI,
  title={The Experimental Induction of Out-of-Body Experiences},
  author={H. Henrik Ehrsson},
  journal={Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={317},
  pages={1048 - 1048}
}
  • H. Ehrsson
  • Published 2007
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Science
I report an illusion in which individuals experience that they are located outside their physical bodies and looking at their bodies from this perspective. This demonstrates that the experience of being localized within the physical body can be determined by the visual perspective in conjunction with correlated multisensory information from the body. 
Disowning one’s seen real body during an out-of-body illusion
TLDR
It is demonstrated that when healthy individuals experience that they are located in a different place from their real body, they disown this body and no longer perceive it as part of themselves. Expand
Embodied time and the out-of-body experience of the self
TLDR
The results showed that the participants felt the perceived tactile stimulations in their own bodies more strongly after the synchronous than the asynchronous stroking condition, a finding which is consistent with the out-of-body illusion. Expand
Combined Induction of Rubber-Hand Illusion and Out-of-Body Experiences
TLDR
A behavioral task combining adapted versions of the RHi and OBE suggests a link between the representations in the brain of a body-part and the full-body, and consequently a common mechanism underpinning both forms of ownership and self-location. Expand
Multisensory processing in full-body illusions
Previous work has reported that it is not difficult to give people the illusion of ownership over an artificial body, providing a powerful tool for the investigation of the neural and cognitiveExpand
Bodily ownership and self-location: Components of bodily self-consciousness
TLDR
A preliminary synthesis of the data on bodily self-consciousness and its neural correlates is provided, suggesting that at least two of these components-body ownership and self-location-are implemented in rather distinct neural substrates, located in the premotor cortex and in the temporo-parietal junction. Expand
Higher-order cognitive factors affect subjective but not proprioceptive aspects of self-representation in the rubber hand illusion
In the current study we look at whether subjective and proprioceptive aspects of selfrepresentation are separable components subserved by distinct systems of multisensory integration. We used theExpand
New perspectives on perspective-taking mechanisms and the out-of-body experience
TLDR
A number of studies have argued that the brain processes involved in the mental transformation of one’s own body may be the same as those implicated in the computation of the exocentric-perspective reported in the OBE. Expand
Track-test Out of Body Experiences : Multiple Sensory Replacement Experiments ( March 2010 )
UT-of-body experiences (OBE) have been recorded by researchers and described as an experience that involves observing one self's physical body from a third person perspective. The causes of thisExpand
Spatial aspects of bodily self-consciousness
TLDR
It is shown that the unitary and localized character of the self can be experimentally separated from both the origin of the visual perspective and the location of the seen body, which is compatible with clinical data. Expand
The building blocks of the full body ownership illusion
TLDR
It is found that the illusion of ownership can be generated when the virtual body has a realistic skin tone and spatially substitutes the real body seen from a first person perspective, and the processing of incongruent perceptual cues can be modulated by the level of the illusion. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES
Rubber hands ‘feel’ touch that eyes see
TLDR
An illusion in which tactile sensations are referred to an alien limb is reported, which reveals a three-way interaction between vision, touch and proprioception, and may supply evidence concerning the basis of bodily self-identification. Expand
Out-of-body experience and autoscopy of neurological origin.
TLDR
It is argued that both disintegrations (personal; personal-extrapersonal) are necessary for the occurrence of OBE and AS, and that they are due to a paroxysmal cerebral dysfunction of the TPJ in a state of partially and briefly impaired consciousness. Expand
Spatial limits on referred touch to an alien limb may reflect boundaries of visuo-tactile peripersonal space surrounding the hand
  • D. Lloyd
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Brain and Cognition
  • 2007
TLDR
A significant nonlinear relationship in the strength of the illusion was revealed, with the strongest ratings given when the two hands were closest; decaying significantly after a distance of 30cm. Expand
Reflective mirrors: Perspective-taking in autoscopic phenomena
  • P. Brugger
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cognitive neuropsychiatry
  • 2002
TLDR
A phenomenological differentiation of autoscopic reduplication into three distinct classes, i.e., autoscopic hallucinations, heautoscopy, and out-of-body experiences (OBEs), is proposed to gain important insights into the relationships between the self, its body, and phenomenal space. Expand
Coding of visual space by premotor neurons.
TLDR
In primates, many neurons in ventral premotor cortex respond to visual stimuli in the space adjacent to the hand or arm, and provide a representation of space near the body that may be useful for the visual control of reaching. Expand
Spatial memory: how egocentric and allocentric combine
  • N. Burgess
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2006
TLDR
It appears that both egocentric and allocentric representations exist in parallel, and combine to support behavior according to the task, providing a framework for investigation of the organization of human memory more generally. Expand
Illusory Reduplication of One's Own Body: Phenomenology and Classification of Autoscopic Phenomena.
TLDR
The main features of autoscope hallucinations, heautoscopy proper, the feeling of a presence, the out-of-body experience, and negative and inner forms of autoscopic phenomena are outlined. Expand
Cognitive neuropsychiatry?
  • A. David
  • Medicine
  • Psychological medicine
  • 1993
TLDR
Cognitive neuropsychology has taken hold for at least two reasons apart from contemporary successes: the rigour of analyses by Shallice (1988), Caramazza (1986) and others, and the philosophical underpinnings articulated by Fodor (1983) in the principle of modularity. Expand
Visual Agnosias and Other Disturbances of Visual Perception and Cognition
This is part of a 16 volume thematic encyclopedia on vision covering all research aspects of this mutidisciplinary field by 300 contributors from around the world. Each volume is extensivelyExpand
Space coding by premotor cortex
TLDR
Most inferior area 6 visual neurons code the stimulus position in spatial and not in retinal coordinates, which suggests that these visual neurons are involved in generating the stable body-centered frame of reference necesary for programming visually guided movements. Expand
...
1
2
3
...