The Executive Functions and Self-Regulation: An Evolutionary Neuropsychological Perspective

  title={The Executive Functions and Self-Regulation: An Evolutionary Neuropsychological Perspective},
  author={Russell A. Barkley},
  journal={Neuropsychology Review},
  • R. Barkley
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Psychology
  • Neuropsychology Review
Neuropsychology has customarily taken a molecular and myopic view of executive functioning, concentrating largely on those proximal processes of which it may be comprised. Although commendable as a starting point, such an approach can never answer the question, “Why executive functioning?” The present paper encourages neuropsychologists to contemplate the longer-term, functional nature of the executive functions (EFs), using an evolutionary perspective. For purely illustrative purposes, a… 

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