The Evolutionary Origin of Cooperators and Defectors

@article{Doebeli2004TheEO,
  title={The Evolutionary Origin of Cooperators and Defectors},
  author={Michael Doebeli and Christoph Hauert and Timothy Killingback},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={306},
  pages={859 - 862}
}
Coexistence of cooperators and defectors is common in nature, yet the evolutionary origin of such social diversification is unclear. Many models have been studied on the basis of the assumption that benefits of cooperative acts only accrue to others. Here, we analyze the continuous snowdrift game, in which cooperative investments are costly but yield benefits to others as well as to the cooperator. Adaptive dynamics of investment levels often result in evolutionary diversification from… 

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DILEMMAS OF PARTIAL COOPERATION

  • H. Stark
  • Economics
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 2010
The evolution of partial cooperation is studied by deriving the respective conditions under which coexistence of cooperators and defectors, that is, partial cooperation, can be a stable outcome of evolutionary dynamics in these scenarios.

Adaptive dynamics of cooperation may prevent the coexistence of defectors and cooperators and even cause extinction

  • K. Parvinen
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
Evolutionary branching, which could result in the evolutionary emergence of cooperators and defectors, can occur only with locally convex functional responses, but it is illustrated that it can also result in coevolutionary extinction.

Evolution of cooperation and costly incentives in the continuous snowdrift game

It is shown that not evolutionary merging but evolutionary branching can promote the emergence of pool reward, which can then enhance social welfare in the continuous snowdrift game.

Unchecked strategy diversification and collapse in continuous voluntary public good games

The analysis casts light on the mechanisms which underpin the unexpected and surprising evolutionary dynamics of these behavioral traits in the individual level using adaptive-dynamics techniques.
...

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