The Evolution of the Martian Hydrosphere: Implications for the Fate of a Primordial Ocean and the Current State of the Northern Plains

@article{Clifford2001TheEO,
  title={The Evolution of the Martian Hydrosphere: Implications for the Fate of a Primordial Ocean and the Current State of the Northern Plains},
  author={Stephen M. Clifford and Stephen M. Clifford and Timothy J. Parker and Timothy J. Parker},
  journal={Icarus},
  year={2001},
  volume={154},
  pages={40-79}
}
Abstract In this paper we consider the hydraulic and thermal conditions that gave rise to the elevated source regions of the Late Hesperian outflow channels and explore their implications for the evolution of the Martian hydrosphere. We find that if the outflow channel floodwaters were derived from a subpermafrost aquifer, then it implies that, throughout the planet's first billion years of evolution, as much as one third of its surface was covered by standing bodies of water and ice. Following… 

Geological and geochemical legacy of a cold early Mars

[1] We consider the hypothesis that Mars never experienced an early warm, wet period and the implications of a continuously cold Martian climate for the hydrology and geochemistry of the planet.

Fate of outflow channel effluents in the northern lowlands of Mars: The Vastitas Borealis Formation as a sublimation residue from frozen ponded bodies of water

[1] We analyze the fate of the Hesperian-aged outflow channel effluents emplaced into the northern lowlands of Mars. We have modeled the evolution of these effluents under the assumption that they

Elevations of water-worn features on Mars: Implications for circulation of groundwater

[1] Central to the model of the evolution of the martian hydrosphere by Clifford and Parker [2001] is a permanent freezing of the planet at the end of the Noachian and recharge of the global

The Southern polar giant impact hypothesis for the origin of the Martian dichotomy and the evolution of volcanism on mars

We demonstrate via numerical simulations that the impact of a ~ lunar-sized body with Mars is capable of creating a hemispherical magma ocean that upon cooling and solidification resulted in the

Fluvial geomorphology on Earth-like planetary surfaces: A review.

ATMOSPHERIC AND HYDROLOGICAL CYCLES ON MARS RELATED TO THARSIS SUPERPLUME

  • J. Dohm
  • Environmental Science, Geology
  • 2002
Introduction. Throughout the recorded history of Mars, liquid water has shaped its landscape into a number of distinct morphologic types, including prominent features such as the circum-Chryse and

Water and the evolutionary geological history of Mars

Mars and Earth are the only two planets known to have long histories of dynamical cycling of water through their atmosphere, lithosphere, and cryosphere. Although we have known for thirty years that
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 233 REFERENCES

A model for the hydrologic and climatic behavior of water on Mars

Past studies of the climatic behavior of water on Mars have universally assumed that the atmosphere is the sole pathway available for volatile exchange between the planet's crustal and polar

Temporal changes in the geographic distribution, elevation, and potential origin of the Martian outflow channels

Observational evidence of outflow channel activity on Mars suggests that water was abundant in the planet's early crust. However, with the decline in the planet's internal heat flow, a freezing front

D/H on Mars - Effects of floods, volcanism, impacts, and polar processes

  • M. Carr
  • Geology, Environmental Science
  • 1990

Initiation of Martian outflow channels: Related to the dissociation of gas hydrate?

We propose that the disruption of subpermafrost aquifers on Mars by the thermal‐ or pressure‐induced dissociation of methane hydrate may have been a frequent trigger for initiating outflow channel

The role of thermal vapor diffusion in the subsurface hydrologic evolution of Mars

Various lines of geomorphic evidence suggest that large bodies of groundwater were present on Mars throughout much of its early geologic history. In this paper the hydrologic response of groundwater

A Model of Outflow Generation by Hydrothermal Underpressure Drainage in Volcano–Tectonic Environment, Shalbatana Vallis (Mars)

Abstract The survey of the Shalbatana Vallis course and the analysis of the distribution of the concentric peripheral and radial systems of faults east of Tharsis allow us to propose a model that

Formation of Martian flood features by release of water from confined aquifers

  • M. Carr
  • Geology, Environmental Science
  • 1979
It is proposed that the rapid release of water under great pressure from deeply buried aquifers is responsible for the formation of the Martian channels suggestive of catastrophic flooding (outflow

The stability of ground ice in the equatorial region of Mars

Consideration of the partial pressure of H2O in the Martian atmosphere and the range of mean annual temperatures at the Martian surface suggests that the occurrence of ground ice in equilibrium with

Martian permafrost features

The outgassing history of Mars and the prevailing temperature conditions suggest that ground ice may occur to depths of kilometers over large areas of the planet. The presence of permafrost is also

Geology and landscape evolution of the Hellas region of Mars

Hellas basin on Mars has been the site of volcanism, tectonism, and modification by fluvial, mass-wasting, and eolian processes over its more than 4-b.y. existence. Our detailed geologic mapping and
...